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This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Central Tanzania (Masai).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Succulent perennial herb, with a large fleshy branching rootstock; stems numerous, clustered, branching from the base, erect to 15 cm. or decumbent to 25 cm. long, to 1.5 cm. thick, tessellated, with elongated upward and outward curving tubercles (0.5–)1–4 cm. apart in 3–5 loosely spiralled series bearing the leaves at the apices.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, obovate, to 5 × 1.5 cm., base tapering gradually, apex obtuse, apiculate, margin entire, crenulate or irregularly toothed, midrib rounded, crenulate or occasionally toothed on the lower surface, lamina sometimes flushed with purplish red, young leaves often minutely puberulous; stipules evident as soft, non-persistent prickles to 1 mm. long, with occasionally a third prickle between them below the leaf-scar.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes on peduncles ± 2 cm. long arising 3–5 mm. above the leaf-scar, 1-forked, the whole cyme usually minutely puberulous; bract-cup exceeding the involucre, ± 7 × 5.5 mm., notched for 1/4 between acute apices and sharply prominent to conspicuously crested midribs, pale greenish white or often flushed with purplish pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 5.5 × 5 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glandular rim 2.5 mm. high, dull red; lobes rounded, ± 1.5 × 1.5 mm.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate, puberulous; stamens 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:perianth obvious in fruit as 3 toothed lobes and to 4.5 mm. in diameter; styles slender, 2.8 mm. long, joined for 1/3, with thickened rugulose deeply bifid apices. Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate, puberulous; stamens 4 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:perianth obvious in fruit as 3 toothed lobes and to 4.5 mm. in diameter; styles slender, 2.8 mm. long, joined for 1/3, with thickened rugulose deeply bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a puberulous pedicel to 6 mm. long, obtusely 3-lobed with truncate base, ± 5, × 5.5 mm., minutely puberulous, and with a pair of narrow fleshy crested ridges along each angle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, obtusely 4-angled, with truncate base, 3 × 2 mm., grey, areolate; caruncle stipitate, domed, 1 mm. in diameter.
Habitat
In grassland on dark clay soil; 1500–2000 m.
Distribution
not known elsewhere T1 T2

Native to:

Tanzania

Euphorbia gladiata (P.R.O.Bally) Bruyns appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 18, 1986 Richards, M. [20251], Tanzania Monadenium gladiatum K000453159
Jun 18, 1986 Greenway, P.J. [13195], Tanzania Monadenium gladiatum K000453158
Chuwa, S. [2762], Tanzania Monadenium gladiatum K000453155
Chuwa, S. [89034J], Tanzania Monadenium gladiatum K000453156
Greenway, P.J. [10558], Tanzania Monadenium gladiatum K000453157
Wakeford, N., Kenya Monadenium yattanum var. gladiatum 16777.000 holotype

First published in Taxon 55: 412 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0