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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to N. Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb to 90 cm. high, with a tuberous root to 16 × 6 cm.; stems unbranched, minutely and often densely papillose especially towards the apex.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile, oblanceolate to obovate, 9–13 × 2.5–4 cm., base tapering, apex acute, margin toothed with teeth near the base often larger and gland-tipped; stipules triangular, ± 1 mm. long, glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes crowded towards the stem apex, subsessile, 1–2-forked; bracts subequal to a little shorter than the involucre, free, oblong, ± 5 × 4 mm., denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 5 × 3.5 mm., with barrel-shaped involucres; glandular rim 2 mm. high, margin crenulate, white or pink; lobes rounded, ± 1.2 × 1.2 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles few, filamentous, plumose; stems 3.5 mm. long. Female flower:styles 0.8 mm. long, joined at the base, with slightly thickened bifid apices.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles few, filamentous, plumose; stems 3.5 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 0.8 mm. long, joined at the base, with slightly thickened bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel 4–5 mm. long, acutely 3-lobed, ± 4.5 × 4 mm., smooth to minutely papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, 4–angled, 2.2 × 1.2 mm., pale grey, verrucose; caruncle pointed, 0.8 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 102/4, 5, p. 543.
Habitat
In grassland and open deciduous woodland, with gritty sandy soil; 1200–2200 m.
Distribution
T1 T4 T5 T7

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Fleshy geophytic herb; with a tuberous tapering root, up to 16 × 6 cm.
Morphology Stem
Stems annual, to 20–50(90) cm high, simple or branched only at the base, minutely scabrid or occasionally glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsessile, 9–13 × 2.5–4 cm, oblanceolate to obovate; margin with small distant teeth, sometimes gland-tipped; stipules c. 0.5 mm long, glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, subsessile, 1–2-forked; bracts free, ± equalling the involucres in length, c. 5 × 4 mm, oblong, apex apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia c. 5 × 3.5 mm, with barrel-shaped involucres; glandular rim c. 1.5 mm high, margin crenulate, white to pink; lobes c. 1.2 × 1.2 mm, rounded, denticulate.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles few, c. 1.75 mm long, filamentous, laciniate; stamens c. 3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: styles c. 1 mm long, with thickened bifid apices. Male flowers: bracteoles few, c. 1.75 mm long, filamentous, laciniate; stamens c. 3 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: styles c. 1 mm long, with thickened bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 4.5 × 4 mm, acutely 3-lobed, smooth to minutely papillose, exserted on a reflexed pedicel to 5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2.2 × 1.2 mm, oblong, 4-angled, minutely verrucose, pale grey; caruncle c. 1 mm wide, pointed, stipitate, yellow.

Native to:

Tanzania, Zambia

Euphorbia neocapitata Bruyns appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 12, 1987 Hornby [714], Tanzania Monadenium capitatum K000212252
Mar 12, 1987 Hornby [2051], Tanzania Monadenium capitatum K000212253
May 11, 1960 St. Clair-Thompson [654], Tanzania Monadenium capitatum K000253464 holotype
Polhill, R. [1378], Tanzania Monadenium capitatum 5543.000
Polhill, R. [1916], Tanzania Monadenium capitatum 6428.000
Fanshawe, D.B. [F2913], Zambia Monadenium capitatum K000253482 holotype
Fanshawe, D.B. Monadenium fanshawei 23985.000

First published in Taxon 55: 413 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0