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This species is accepted, and its native range is Burundi to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Geophyte; rootstock tuberous, up to 6 cm in diameter, napiform, producing 1–2 woody stems to c. 6 cm long below ground.
Morphology Stem
Annual (aerial) stems 1–4, usually simple, 2–15(20) cm high, sometimes minutely papillose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, variable, from up to 9 × 0.5 cm and linear, or up to 6 × 1.5 cm and lanceolate, or up to 4 × 2 cm and obovate; stipules glandular, minute, evident on young growth only.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes on peduncles up to 5(8) cm long, simple with cyme branches to 1 cm long, or cyathia solitary; bracts free, shorter than the involucre, c. 3 × 2 mm, oblong, margin denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia c. 5 × 3 mm, with barrel-shaped involucres; glandular rim 1.5–2 mm high, entire to crenulate, white or pink; lobes c. 1 × 1 mm, rounded.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 3.2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: styles 1 mm long, with thickened rugulose bifid apices. Male flowers: bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 3.2 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: styles 1 mm long, with thickened rugulose bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 5 × 5.5 mm, obtusely 3-lobed, exserted on a reflexed pedicel 6–12 mm long, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 2.8 × 2.3 mm, conical with truncate base, minutely and densely verrucose, brown becoming purplish; caruncle absent.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous perennial herb, with a napoid tuberous root to 6 cm. in diameter, producing 1–2 subterranean woody stems to 6 cm. long; annual stems 1–4, rarely branching, 2–15(–20) cm. high, longitudinally ridged, often minutely papillose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, linear, to 9 × 0.5 cm., or lanceolate, to 6 × 1.5 cm., rarely obovate, to 4 × 2 cm., margin entire, midrib ± prominent beneath; stipules glandular, minute, evident on young growth only.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes on peduncles to 5(–8) cm. long, 1-forked with cyme-branches to 1 cm. long, or with solitary cyathia; bracts shorter than the involucre, free, oblong, ± 3 × 2 mm., margin denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 5 × 3 mm., with barrel-shaped involucres; glandular rim 1.5–2 mm. high, entire to crenulate, white or pink; lobes rounded, ± 1 × 1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 3.2 mm. long. Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, with thickened rugulose bifid apices.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 3.2 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, with thickened rugulose bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel 6–12 mm. long, obtusely 3-lobed, ± 5 × 5.5 mm., smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds conical with truncate base, obscurely 4-angled, ± 2.8 × 2.3 mm., greenish brown becoming purple, minutely and densely tuberculate; caruncle absent.
Figures
Fig. 102/1–3, p. 543.
Habitat
In wooded grassland with sandy or clay soils; 780–1200 m.
Distribution
T4 T7

Native to:

Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Euphorbia neopedunculata Bruyns appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Verdcourt, B. [3439], Tanzania Monadenium pedunculatum 23769.000
Bequet, A. [Bally E. 359], Congo Monadenium pedunculatum 2636.000
Richards, H.M. [20765], Tanzania Monadenium pedunculatum 33187.000
Richards, H.M. [20764], Tanzania Monadenium pedunculatum 33195.000
Richards [2343], Zambia Monadenium pedunculatum 5250.000
Richards, H.M. [7053], Tanzania Monadenium pedunculatum K000253459 holotype

First published in Taxon 55: 414 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0