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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Geophyte; rootstock tuberous, up to c. 5 cm in diameter, napiform, producing 1–4 stems up to 4 cm long below ground.
Morphology Stem
Annual (aerial) stems smooth, or minutely papillose, with leaves borne in rosettes at apices of stems to 2 cm high; flowering stems up to 6 cm high, the bases with crowded scale-like leaves to 10 × 5 mm, oblong.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves appearing after the flowers, sessile, up to 6 × 2.5 cm, obovate, lower surface often reddish; stipules apparently absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes crowded at stem apex on peduncles 0.5–2.5(3.5) cm long, 1–2-forked, or cyathia solitary; bracts free, 2–4 × 2 mm, oblong, about equal to the involucres, apices denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia c. 3 × 2.5 mm, with barrel-shaped involucres; glandular rim c. 1.2 mm high, undulate, white or pink; lobes c. 0.5 × 0.5 mm, subquadrate.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles few, 1.5 mm long, filamentous; stamens 2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: styles 1 mm long, stigmas bifid, spreading, thickened. Male flowers: bracteoles few, 1.5 mm long, filamentous; stamens 2 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: styles 1 mm long, stigmas bifid, spreading, thickened.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 3.5 × 4 mm, obtusely 3-lobed with 2 minute fleshy crenulate ridges along each angle, exserted on a reflexed pedicel 3–4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 × 1 mm, ovoid with truncate base, pale brown, areolate; caruncle absent.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Hysteranthous geophyte, with a fleshy tuberous root to ± 5 cm. in diameter producing 1–4 subterranean stems 2–4 cm. long; annual stems 2–6 cm. high; flowering stems 1–4, fleshy, minutely papillose or often smooth, with numerous scale-like oblong leaves to ± 10 × 5 mm., crowded at the base, sometimes developing normally at the stem apices.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in rosettes at the apices of the stems, sessile, obovate, to ± 6 × 2.5 cm., apex obtuse to rounded, margin entire, midrib prominent beneath, lamina glabrous, often tinted reddish on the lower surface; stipules apparently absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes on peduncles 0.5–2.5(–3.5) cm. long, 1–2-forked or cyathia solitary, crowded at the stem apices; bracts ± equal to or slightly exceeding the involucre, free, oblong, 2–4 × 2 mm., apex denticulate, pale green or pink tinged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 3 × 2.5 mm., with barrel-shaped involucres; glandular rim ± 1.2 mm. high, undulate to ± crenulate, white or pink; lobes subquadrate, ± 0.5 × 0.5 mm.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, with spreading thickened bifid apices. Male flowers:bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 2 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:styles 1 mm. long, with spreading thickened bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a reflexed pedicel 3–4 mm. long, obtusely 3-lobed, ± 3.5 × 4 mm., with 2 minute fleshy crenulate ridges along each angle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid with truncate base, obscurely 4-angled, 2 × 1 mm., pale greenish brown, areolate; caruncle absent.
Habitat
Amongst grass, often appearing after burning; 1020–2400 m.
Distribution
T4 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

Euphorbia orobanchoides (P.R.O.Bally) Bruyns appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 12, 1986 Robson [224], Malawi Monadenium orobanchoides K000253484 holotype
May 11, 1960 Geilinger [1861], Tanzania Monadenium orobanchoides K000253458 holotype
Robson, N.K.B. [317], Malawi Monadenium orobanchoides 15829.000
Williams, J.G. [447], Tanzania Monadenium orobanchoides 2641.000
Richards, M. [18195], Zimbabwe Monadenium orobanchoides 32466.000
Specks [325], Tanzania Monadenium orobanchoides 62098.000
Specks [285], Tanzania Monadenium orobanchoides 62099.000
Richards, H.M. [15863], Tanzania Monadenium orobanchoides 6427.000
Faulkner, H.G. [A173], Angola Monadenium orobanchoides K000253485 holotype

First published in Taxon 55: 414 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0