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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium kilimandschari (Gürke) Ryding

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia (Bale Mountains) to N. Tanzania.


    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Clinopodium, O Ryding. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Types: Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, between the Mue R. [Muëbach] and vegetation limit, Meyer 234 (B†, holo.); neotype, selected by Ryding (2006): Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, near Peter’s Hut, Hedberg 1245 (UPS!, neo., BR, EA!, K!, LD, S, isoneo.)
    Perennial herb, prostrate to ascending
    Young stems with long spreading hairs, intermixed with much shorter eglandular hairs
    Leaves petiolate, the petiole 0.3–0.5 times as long as the blade; blade subcircular, ovate or ovate-triangular, up to 4–10 × 4–10 mm, margin crenate, apex rounded to subacute, base rounded, truncate, slightly cordate or cuneate-attenuate, with sessile glands on the underside only
    Inflorescence lax or mostly with the verticils crowded in the apical part; cymes 1flowered
    Calyx often purple, indistinctly or sometimes distinctly sigmoid, strongly 2lipped, 3.5–4.8 mm long; posterior lip lobed along 30–80 of its length, central lobe 0.9–1.9 times as long as broad; two lobes of anterior lip 1–1.5 times longer than the lateral lobes of the posterior lip (both measured from their common sinus)
    Corolla 5–9 mm long, purple, pink or rarely white, only slightly 2-lipped
    All stamens apparently fertile; anthers divaricate
    Nutlets ellipsoid, rounded at the apex, 0.8–0.9 × 0.7–0.8 mm, apparently not mucilaginous when wet.
    Upland moor, heath zone, grassland or on bare ground, often near streams or on other moist ground, often in shade; 2900–4400 m
    Least concern; widespread.
    Range: Ethiopia (Bale Mts) Flora districts: U3 K3 K4 T2



    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda


    Other Data

    Clinopodium kilimandschari (Gürke) Ryding appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Townsend, C.C. [2226], Kenya K000334075
    Tweedie [3], Kenya K000334077
    Hedberg, O. [1245], Tanzania K000193407 Unknown type material
    Hedberg, O. [264], Kenya K000334080
    Hedberg, O. [1815], Kenya K000334081
    Volkens, G. [1194], Tanzania K000193408 Unknown type material
    Allt, G. [34], Kenya K000334082
    Pelley, S.L.E. [3452], Kenya K000334076
    Gilbert, C.R. [695], Kenya K000334078
    Rob, E. [1384], Kenya K000334079


    First published in Kew Bull. 61: 430 (2006)

    Accepted by

    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.


    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Ryding, O. (2006). Revision of Clinopodium simense group (Labiatae) Kew Bulletin 61: 419-432.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • K.B. 61: 430 (2006).


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.