1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Kigelia DC.
      1. Species: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
        1. Kigelia africana subsp. moosa (Sprague) Bidgood & Verdc.

        This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Type
    Type: Uganda, Sese Is., Dawe 1 & 63 and W Ankole, Dawe 412 (all K!, syn.)
    Leaflets
    Leaflets thin, never coriaceous, glabrous or slightly pubescent, not or slightly scabrid (see note), narrowed gradually into a long acumen.
    Ecology
    Essentially a plant of evergreen or swamp forest. Evergreen forest, swamp forest, upland bushland, in spray of waterfalls; 1050–2250 m
    Note
    Since in East Africa two taxa have been kept up by workers who could by no means be termed splitters we have not followed Heine, Liben and Diniz in considering the species indivisible but recognised two ‘ecological’ subspecies. Those who prefer not to recognise two taxa can ignore the subspecies and those who wish to use them can do so. We agree there are too many intermediates to make recognition of two species appropriate. Vollesen MRC2906 (Tanzania, Selous Game Reserve, Ruaha Camp, 15 km E of Kilombero Sugar Estate) is such an intermediate with only shortly acuminate leaves. Subsp. moosa usually has shorter inflorescences and smaller flowers with corolla tube 5–8 cm long and lobes about 2 cm long and wide. Field workers have always emphasised differences in flower colour, those of subsp. moosa being more yellow and orange but trying to make generalisations from the numerous colour notes available has not supported this. Our own observations for subsp. africana are buds: dull crimson red with veins yellow-green; open flowers: base of corolla tube greenish cream, upper part of tube dull crimson-red outside with greenish yellow veins, outside of lobes mostly yellow-green but suffused with crimson; inside of corolla liver-coloured with some greenish cream marks. For subsp. moosa corolla at first yellow with lines of salmon spots so close as to form continuous lines, later turning orange but becoming crimson-red when dead. Material of subsp. moosa from Kakamega and Malaba grown at T.H. Jackson’s garden at Kapretwa near Kitale on Mt Elgon ( Bally 4828, Tweedie 3063, June 1965) retains the acuminate leaves and small flowers in cultivation.   Rendle 586 (Kenya, near E slope of Mt Kenya, 1800 m, 27 Aug. 1929) has acuminate very scabrid leaves and slender flowers; we have treated it as a form of subsp. moosa but it is very distinctive.
    Distribution
    Range: W Africa, Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan, Angola Flora districts: U2 U3 U4 K4 K5 T1 T4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Kigelia africana subsp. moosa (Sprague) Bidgood & Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 17, 2004 Scott Elliot, G.F. [7905], Uganda K000430460 Unknown type material
    Nov 17, 2004 Dawe, M.T. [63], Uganda K000430457 syntype
    Nov 17, 2004 Dawe, M.T. [63], Uganda K000430458 syntype
    Nov 17, 2004 Dawe, M.T. [412], Uganda K000430459 syntype
    Feb 17, 2004 Dawe, M.T. [1], Uganda K000430453 syntype
    Feb 17, 2004 Dawe, M.T. [1], Uganda K000430454 syntype
    Feb 17, 2004 Dawe, M.T. [1], Uganda K000430455 syntype
    Feb 17, 2004 Dawe, M.T. [1], Uganda K000430456 syntype
    Monteiro [s.n.] Kigelia elliptica K000430382 Unknown type material
    Monteiro [s.n.] Kigelia elliptica K000430383
    Dunlap [253], Cameroon Kigelia elliptica K000029037
    Jan 1, 1902 Zenker, G.A. [1316], Cameroon Kigelia acutifolia K000430384
    Jan 1, 1902 Zenker, G.A. [1316], Cameroon Kigelia acutifolia K000430385
    Tiku, D.A. [FHI 30417], Cameroon Kigelia acutifolia K000029041
    Mann, G. [2], Bioko Kigelia impressa K000430386
    Mann, G. [2], Bioko Kigelia impressa K000430387
    Barter [s.n.], Bioko Kigelia impressa K000430388 Unknown type material
    Kigelia moosa 16993.000
    Kigelia moosa 16995.000

    First published in Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Bignoniac. & Cobaeac.: 46 (2006)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0