1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dolichopentas Kårehed & B.Bremer
      1. Dolichopentas decora (S.Moore) Kårehed & B.Bremer

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Herb 0.3–1.5 m. tall; stems usually single, mostly somewhat woody, glabrous to sparsely pubescent or densely hairy with short hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3–5 or rarely opposite; leaf-blades narrowly to broadly elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, lanceolate or narrowly ovate, 3.9–13 cm. long, 0.9–5.6 cm. wide, subacute or rounded at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, glabrous to densely velvety; petiole obsolete; stipules with 1–5 ciliate setae, 0–5–8(–10) mm. long from a short base; often one deltoid lobe with a colleter on either side of it between the leaves in plants with 4–5 leaves in a whorl.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence consisting of 1 terminal and 2–4 axillary ones amalgamated, up to 12 cm. wide, each cluster with ± 30 flowers; peduncles 0–7.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous to hairy; tube 2–5 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide; lobes deltoid to filiform, 3–11 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide at base, subulate at the apex, ciliate.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, sweet-scented.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube 3–13 cm. long, 1.5–3.3 mm. wide at the base, scarcely dilated at the apex to 2.5–3.5 mm. wide for a distance of 1.2–1.7 cm., shortly hairy outside; throat densely hairy with long hairs; lobes sometimes yellowish, linear-oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, (0–5–)0.8–1(–1.8) cm. long, 1.5–4.5 mm. wide, acute, hairy outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens entirely included.
    Pistil
    Style exserted (0–)0.3–1.8 cm., densely tomentose with white papillae; stigma-lobes blackish, elliptic, 1–3 mm. long, thickened.
    Fruits
    Fruit obovoid-obtriangular, 1–1.5 cm. long, 0.7–1.1 cm. wide, prominently ribbed, pubescent; calyx-lobes reflexed, the limb-tube nervose, 3.5–4 mm. tall, exceeding the 2 mm. long beak.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, ovoid, 1–1.5 mm. long, conspicuously reticulate.
    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Herb 0.3–1.5 m. tall; stems usually single, mostly somewhat woody, glabrous to sparsely pubescent or densely hairy with short hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3–5 or rarely opposite; leaf blades 3.9–13 x 0.9–5.6 cm., narrowly to broadly elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, lanceolate or narrowly ovate, subacute or rounded at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, glabrous to densely velvety; petiole obsolete; stipules with 1–5 ciliate setae, 0.5–8(10) mm. long from a short base; often one deltoid lobe with a colleter on either side of it between the leaves in plants with 4–5 leaves in a whorl.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences consisting of 1 terminal and 2–4 axillary ones amalgamated, up to 12 cm. wide, each cluster with c. 30 flowers; peduncles 0–7.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous to hairy; tube 2–5 x 2–4 mm.; lobes 3–11 x 1–1.5 mm. at base, deltoid to filiform, subulate at the apex, ciliate.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, sweet-scented.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube 3–13 cm. long, 1.5–3.3 mm. wide at the base, scarcely dilated at the apex to 2.5–3.5 mm. wide for a distance of 1.2- 1.7 cm., shortly hairy outside; throat densely hairy with long hairs; lobes sometimes yellowish, (0.5)0.8–1(1.8) cm. x 1.5–4.5 mm., linear-oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, acute, hairy outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens entirely included.
    Pistil
    Style exserted 0.3–1.8 cm., densely tomentose with white papillae; stigma lobes blackish, elliptic, 1–3 mm. long, thickened.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–1.5 x 0.7–1.1 cm., obovoid-obtriangular, prominently ribbed, pubescent; calyx lobes reflexed, the limb tube nervose, 3.5–4 mm. tall, exceeding the 2 mm. long beak.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, ovoid, 1–1.5 mm. long, conspicuously reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Dolichopentas decora (S.Moore) Kårehed & B.Bremer appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 16, 2009 Milne-Redhead, E. [3804], Zambia 35173.000
    Kassner [2419], Congo, DRC K000394984 Unknown type material

    First published in Taxon 56: 1075 (2007)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0