1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Tecticornia Hook.f.
      1. Tecticornia indica (Willd.) K.A.Sheph. & Paul G.Wilson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Coasts of Dry Tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal, Indian Subcontinent.

    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Main stems prostrate, up to at least 40 cm. long, reaching several feet and forming loose open mats in age, with profuse, lateral, ascending or erect, fertile or sterile branches about 15–30 cm. high.
    Branches
    Sterile segments (see above) mostly about 5–11 mm. long and 3–6 mm. in diameter, when mature their sides often convex in outline.
    Flowers
    Male flowers unknown. Female flowering spikes mostly about 1–4 cm. long and 4–5 mm. in diameter, the flowers (except stigmas) hidden.
    Male
    Male flowers unknown.
    Female
    Female flowering spikes mostly about 1–4 cm. long and 4–5 mm. in diameter, the flowers (except stigmas) hidden.
    Infructescences
    Fruiting spikes cylindrical or somewhat thickened in middle, obtuse at apex, about 5–7 mm. in diameter, built up of numerous closely imbricate ring-like thickened fertile segments, their margins 1.5–3 (–4) mm. apart vertically, completely hiding the fruits; spikes finally disarticulating.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyces spongy, thickened, more or less obtriangular, obliquely truncate at apex, about 3 mm. long and 2 mm. wide and deep, adherent to the horny pericarp.
    Seeds
    Seed about 1 mm. long and 0.8 mm. wide; testa pale brown, thin and rather soft.
    Figures
    Fig. 5.
    Habitat
    Saltbush on the drier landward sides of mangrove forest, covered by high seasonal tides, often associated with the grass Sporobolus virginicus
    Distribution
    Somalia, Portuguese East Africa and coast of India from Bombay to Bengal, including CeylonAngola and Senegal records very doubtfulwrongly recorded, through confusion with allied species, from the East Indies and Australia K7 T3 T6 Z
    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Main stems prostrate, up to at least 40 cm. long, becoming longer when older and forming loose open mats; lateral branches numerous ascending or erect, about 10–30 cm. high, fertile or sterile.
    Stem
    Sterile segments about 5–11 mm. long and 3–6 mm. in diam.
    Inflorescences
    Flowering spikes about 1–4 cm. long and 4–5 mm. in diam., with the flowers (except for the stigmas) hidden.
    Flowers
    Flowers deeply embedded in and fused to the segment of the spike above each cluster.
    Stamens
    Anthers very rarely visible, but sometimes a single often apparently non-functional stamen occurs with the ovary.
    Infructescences
    Fruiting spikes cylindrical or somewhat thicker in middle, built up of numerous closely imbricate, ring-like, thickened and corky fertile segments, their margins 1.5–4 mm. apart, completely hiding the fruits; the segments finally disarticulating and falling away, leaving often a projecting bristle-like axis.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyces spongy and thickened, about 3×2 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mauritania, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Queensland, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Vietnam

    Tecticornia indica (Willd.) K.A.Sheph. & Paul G.Wilson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [6942], India K000899807
    Bogdan, A. [4709], Kenya Arthrocnemum indicum 21937.000
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6942] Salicornia indica K001126308
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6942] Salicornia indica K001126309
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6942] Salicornia indica K001126310

    First published in Austral. Syst. Bot. 20: 327 (2007)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Hedge, I.C., Akhani, H., Freitag, H., Kothe-Heinrich, G., Podlech, D., Rilke, S. & Uotila, P. (1997). Flora Iranica 172: 1-371. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • (1984). Flora of Australia 4: 1-354. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1954). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Chenopodiaceae: 1-26.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0