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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vachellia Wight & Arn.
      1. Vachellia erioloba (E.Mey.) P.J.H.Hurter

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Habit
    Tree (4·5)6-16(22) m. high, often rather large, rounded or flat-topped with a spread up to 18 m., bark deeply furrowed, grey-black to blackish-brown; young branchlets glabrous to rather densely spreading-pubescent, eglandular.
    Stipules
    Stipules spinescent, up to 5(8·5) cm. long, often rather stout, often thickened below and fused together at the base into an enlarged “ant-gall” up to c. 1·5-2 x 2-2·5 cm., furrowed or not down the middle; other prickles absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with a small sessile gland at the junction of each of the (1)2-5 pairs of pinnae; no petiolar gland; leaflets (6)8-15 pairs, 4·5-13 x 1·5-4·5 mm., glabrous to pubescent especially on the margins, entire, eglandular, rounded to subacute but not spinulose-mucronate at the apex; lateral nerves ± prominent and visible beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers bright golden-yellow, in axillary often long-pedunculate heads 8-12 mm. in diam. scattered along shoots usually of the previous season, rarely of the current one; involucel strictly apical.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2·5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3-3·5 mm. long, glabrous or nearly so.
    Fruits
    Pods indehiscent, (4)6-11 x 2·5-4·7 cm., straight to falcate, very densely grey-velutinous all over.
    Seeds
    Seeds deep-chestnut-brown, 8-13 x 7-10 mm., irregular in size and shape, sometimes scarcely compressed; areole variable in size, 3-6·5 x 2-4 mm.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Karroo-Namib bushland and thicket., Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; wooded grassland.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Free State, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    English
    Camel thorn, Giraffe thorn, Mimosa, Thorn tree

    Other Data

    Vachellia erioloba (E.Mey.) P.J.H.Hurter appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1965 Richards, H.M. [14716], Botswana Acacia giraffae K000489597
    Jan 1, 1965 Pole-Evans, I.B. [2483], Botswana Acacia giraffae K000489596
    Jan 1, 1965 Baines, T. [s.n.], Botswana Acacia giraffae K000489600
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [4039], Botswana Acacia giraffae K000489599
    Mavi, S. [1164], Botswana Acacia giraffae K000489595
    Yalala, A.M. [136], Botswana Acacia giraffae K000489594
    Feb 4, 1974 Acocks, J.P.H. [13190], South Africa Acacia erioloba K000244431
    Feb 4, 1974 Morris, J. W. [1042], South Africa Acacia erioloba K000244430 neotype
    Gossweiler, J. [11032], Angola Acacia erioloba K001276650
    unknown [2300], Botswana Acacia erioloba K000244427
    Burchell [1952], South Africa Acacia erioloba K000244426 Unknown type material
    Burchell [1952], South Africa Acacia erioloba K000244429 Unknown type material
    Burchell [s 254x], Botswana Acacia erioloba K000244425
    Burchell [2402-3], Botswana Acacia erioloba K000244428
    Long, D.G. [104], Botswana Acacia erioloba K000489598
    Hansen, O.J. [3176], Botswana Acacia erioloba K000489601
    Cook, F.E.M. [90], Botswana Acacia erioloba K000489593

    Bibliography

    First published in D.J.Mabberley, Plant-book, ed. 3: 1021 (2008)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/