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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Somalia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Succulent herb, with large, fleshy, blackish, tuberous roots; stems 1–3, simple, 10–30 cm high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, obovate to oblanceolate, 2–6 x 1.5–4 cm, fleshy, apex apiculate, margin lightly crisped, dark green with paler veining, or often flushed purple, usually minutely puberulous; stipules glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cyathia barrel-shaped, 4.5 mm in diam., with glandular rim 2.5 mm high, white to pink Cymes on peduncles 2–3 cm long, 1–2-forked with cyme-branches c. 1 cm long; bract-cup nodding, c. 1 x 3 cm, completely enveloping the involucre, notched to at least halfway between slightly keeled and apiculate apices, minutely puberulous towards the base on the lower (outer) surface, white to deep pink with darker veining
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary pedicellate; styles 2 mm long, with deeply bifid apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule just exserted on a recurved pedicel, 3-lobed, 7 x 7 mm, with a pair of fleshy sinuate ridges along each suture; perianth obvious below the capsule, 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, 4-angled, 4 x 2 mm, smooth, buff, with a cap-like caruncle 1.5 mm across.
Distribution
N1; Ethiopia
Ecology
Altitude range 1615–1825 m.
Vernacular
Kabo karor (Somali).
Note
Plants from Ethiopia are usually glabrous, often taller with longer cyme-peduncles, and sometimes with the bract-cup a deep wine-red.

Native to:

Ethiopia, Somalia

Euphorbia major (Pax) Bruyns appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bally, P.R.O. [9958], Somalia Monadenium erubescens 15820.000
Glover [Bally 7178], Somalia Monadenium erubescens 2119.000
Ash [1256], Ethiopia Monadenium erubescens 35637.000
Bally, P.R.O. [9958], Somalia Monadenium erubescens 5251.000
Bally [B9282], Ethiopia Monadenium erubescens K000253455 isotype
Ash [1915], Ethiopia Monadenium majus 37317.000

First published in Euphorbia World 3: 5 (2007)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0