1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Gymnanthemum Cass.
      1. Gymnanthemum auriculiferum (Hiern) Isawumi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Ethiopia and Angola.

    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree 6-15 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    Broad corymbs of minute mauve flowers
    Ecology
    In open grassland or at the margin of forest in mountainous country.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Shrub, small tree or woody herb 1-7.5 m high; stems branching from low down, at first crispate-tomentose with brownish hairs; bark smooth, grey.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate or especially the upper sessile, elliptic or narrowly obovate to ovate, 10-45 cm long, 3-23 cm wide, attenuate towards the rounded, truncate or cordate base, margins serrate, apex acute or shortly acuminate, dull green and thinly finely pubesent mainly on veins and ± glabrescent above, whitish with often ± floccose tomentum beneath; petiole up to 7.5 cm long, auriculate or less often exauriculate at the base.
    Capitulum
    Capitula numerous in very copious terminal compound thyrsoid cymes, the whole inflorescence to 150 cm in diameter; involucre very narrowly cylindrical, 4-6 mm long; phyllaries 6-7-seriate, appressed, green, especially the inner often tinged purplish in the upper part, (broadly) ovate or elliptic, obtuse to rounded, minutely apiculate, the inner elliptic, usually acute, 4-6 mm long, eventually the innermost caducous.
    Florets
    Florets 1 per capitulum; corolla scented, mauve, lilac or purplish, fading to white with maturity, 6.3-9 mm long, lobes 2-3 mm long, glabrous but for the throat.
    Fruits
    Achenes 3.2-4 mm long, strongly 8-10-ribbed, shortly ascending-pubescent to almost glabrescent except at the apex; outer pappus of narrow scales 0.3-1.5 mm long, inner pappus white, 5-8 mm long.
    Habitat
    Forest clearings and margins, riverine forest, secondary bush, woodland or thicket; 750-3000 m
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T4 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Gymnanthemum auriculiferum (Hiern) Isawumi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [1467], Ethiopia Vernonia auriculifera 35702.000
    Gossweiler, J. [9893], Angola Vernonia auriculifera K001307289
    Gossweiler, J. [9893], Angola Vernonia auriculifera K001307290
    Welwitsch [3258], Angola Vernonia auriculifera K000273124 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [3258], Angola Vernonia auriculifera K000273125

    First published in Compositae Newslett. 46: 40 (2008)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0