Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Polypogon Desf.
      1. Polypogon nilgiricus Kabeer & V.J.Nair

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons present. Culms decumbent; 45-90 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 8-14 mm long; lacerate; acute. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-30 cm long; 6-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 10-30 cm long; glabrous. Panicle open; oblong; dense; 6-13 cm long; 2-6 cm wide. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes; 1.5-3.5 cm long. Panicle axis scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.6-0.8 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 1.8-2 mm long; 0.8 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 1.8-2 mm long; 0.8 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume oblong; 1.8-2 mm long; 0.4 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex emarginate, or acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 2-3 mm long. Upper glume oblong; 1.8-2 mm long; 1.8-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex emarginate, or acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 2-3 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 1 mm long; 0.3 mm wide; membranous, or chartaceous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure; excurrent. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid, or 4 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 1.2-1.4 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.2-0.3 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 0.2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Kabeer & Nair 2009.

    Distribution

    Other Data

    Polypogon nilgiricus Kabeer & V.J.Nair appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Nordic J. Bot. 25: 9 (2007 publ. 2008)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0