1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dysphania R.Br.
      1. Dysphania procera (Hochst. ex Moq.) Mosyakin & Clemants

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Zimbabwe, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual herb up to 2 m. or more high, upright, with few to many branches, green or often strongly red-tinged, glandular-pubescent all over, usually shortly so, strongly aromatic, inferior and median leaves elliptic or ovate-elliptic in outline, mostly 2.5–14 × 1.5–7 (9) cm., acute at apex, pinnately divided each side into 3–5 sharply toothed lobes, the lower lobes extending to near midrib, the superior much shallower and the top part of the leaf normally toothed but scarcely lobed; glands between veins on inferior surface shortly but distinctly stalked (seen under a × 20 lens); superior leaves smaller narrower and less divided; uppermost often oblong and obscurely pinnate-dentate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences composed of dichotomously branched axillary cymes which are usually aggregated into leafy or leafless continuous cylindrical inflorescences 1.5–6 cm. wide and up to 60 cm. or more long.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish or red-tinged, minute, 0.5–1.5 mm. in diam.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, each with a green glandular keel towards apex, glandular outside with many glands distinctly stalked (× 20 lens necessary).
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–2.
    Seeds
    Pericarp easily scraped off seed. Seeds black or nearly so, glossy, 0.9–1.1 mm. in diam., with a rather prominent but blunt keel; testa (seen under microscope) very slightly rough with slightly impressed irregular sinuose lines and other minor roughnesses.
    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Herb, probably annual, up to 2 m. or more high, upright, with few or many branches, green or often strongly red-tinged, glandular-pubescent all over, usually shortly so, strongly aromatic.
    Leaves
    Lower and median leaves elliptic or ovate-elliptic in outline, mostly 2.5–14 cm. long and 1.5–7 (–9) cm. wide, acute at apex, pinnately divided each side into 3–5 more or less sharply-toothed lobes, the lower lobes extending to near midrib, the upper much shallower, and the top part of the leaf normally toothed but scarcely lobed, glands between veins on lower surface shortly but distinctly stalked (use x 20 lens); upper leaves smaller, narrower and less divided, uppermost ones often oblong and obscurely sinuate-dentate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences composed of dichotomously branched axillary cymes which are usually aggregated into more or less leafy or nude continuous cylindrical inflorescences 1.5–6 cm. wide and up to 60 cm. or more long.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish or red-tinged, minute, 0.5–1.5 mm. in diameter.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, each with a green glandular keel towards apex, glandular outside, many glands distinctly stalked (x 20 lens necessary).
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–2.
    Fruits
    Pericarp easily scraped off seed.
    Seeds
    Seeds (Fig. 2/6, p. 3) black or nearly so, glossy, 0.9–1.1 mm. in diameter, with a rather prominent but blunt keel; testa under microscope very slightly rough with slightly impressed irregular sinuose lines and other minor roughnesses.
    Habitat
    Upland grasslands, and a local weed of cultivated areas and waste places; 1340–2440 m.
    Distribution
    the A.-E. Sudan and Ethiopia southwards through eastern Africa to Nyasaland K3 K6 T1 T2 T3 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Dysphania procera (Hochst. ex Moq.) Mosyakin & Clemants appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 20, 1953 Holst, C. [8926], Tanzania Chenopodium procerum K000243859 Unknown type material
    Dec 22, 1929 Schimper [1506], Ethiopia Chenopodium procerum K000243853
    Dec 22, 1929 Schimper [1506], Ethiopia Chenopodium procerum K000243854
    Nov 20, 1905 Schimper [882], Ethiopia Chenopodium procerum K000243857

    First published in J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 429 (2008)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0