1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Genus: Lysimachia Tourn. ex L.
      1. Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, W. Asia to Socotra, N. Africa to Ethiopia.

    [FWTA]

    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Stems erect or ascending winged
    Note
    A weed of cultivation.
    [FTEA]

    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Habit
    Annual; stems branching near the base and ascending or sometimes simple and erect, quadrangular, strongly 4-winged, 5–50 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite (or rarely verticillate), sessile, ovate, acute, subcordate at the base, 5–20 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, axillary, pedicellate; pedicels slender, erect at anthesis becoming longer and recurved in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx-segments 5, acute, about equal in length to the corolla-lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla rotate, up to 15 mm. in diameter; lobes up to as broad as long, apically entire, crenulate or denticulate, fringed with minute stalked glands.
    Stamens
    Filaments bearded; anthers acute.
    Fruits
    Capsules about 5 mm. in diameter.
    [FZ]

    Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Tufted annual herb with ascending, branching stems up to 50 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 6–20 mm. long, opposite and decussate or rarely whorled, sessile, elliptic, ovate or obovate, acute at apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in axils of all but lowermost leaves; pedicels at first short and erect, becoming long and recurved in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx–segments c. 4–5 mm. long, lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Petals ± equalling calyx, broadly obovate, connate at the very base, fringed with short–stalked glands, deep blue or red.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. j as long as petals, adnate to base of corolla; filaments free, blue or red, bearded; anthers c. 0–6 mm. long, oblong.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3–5 mm. in diameter, circumscissile, many–seeded; seeds c, 1·2 mm. long.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Free State, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Kirgizstan, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Peru, Puerto Rico, Réunion, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tennessee, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Zimbabwe

    Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Willdenowia 39: 51 (2009)

    Accepted by

    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.

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    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
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    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
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    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
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    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
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    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [A] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [B] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0