1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Genus: Lysimachia Tourn. ex L.
      1. Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Asia-Temperate, Africa and Europe.

    [FWTA]

    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Stems erect or ascending winged
    Note
    A weed of cultivation.
    [FZ]

    Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Tufted annual herb with ascending, branching stems up to 50 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 6–20 mm. long, opposite and decussate or rarely whorled, sessile, elliptic, ovate or obovate, acute at apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in axils of all but lowermost leaves; pedicels at first short and erect, becoming long and recurved in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx–segments c. 4–5 mm. long, lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Petals ± equalling calyx, broadly obovate, connate at the very base, fringed with short–stalked glands, deep blue or red.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. j as long as petals, adnate to base of corolla; filaments free, blue or red, bearded; anthers c. 0–6 mm. long, oblong.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3–5 mm. in diameter, circumscissile, many–seeded; seeds c, 1·2 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Habit
    Annual; stems branching near the base and ascending or sometimes simple and erect, quadrangular, strongly 4-winged, 5–50 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite (or rarely verticillate), sessile, ovate, acute, subcordate at the base, 5–20 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, axillary, pedicellate; pedicels slender, erect at anthesis becoming longer and recurved in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx-segments 5, acute, about equal in length to the corolla-lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla rotate, up to 15 mm. in diameter; lobes up to as broad as long, apically entire, crenulate or denticulate, fringed with minute stalked glands.
    Stamens
    Filaments bearded; anthers acute.
    Fruits
    Capsules about 5 mm. in diameter.

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia

    Introduced Into:

    Alabama, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Southeast, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kermadec Is., Kirgizstan, Korea, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Puerto Rico, Réunion, St.Helena, Tennessee, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zimbabwe

    Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Willdenowia 39: 51 (2009)

    Accepted in:

    • [3] Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014) Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide , ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.

    Literature

    • [1] Bailey, C. & al. (2015) Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee . University of Tennessee press.
    • [2] (2014) Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
    • [4] (2013) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7: 681-691
    • [5] (2013) Phytologia 95: 172-178
    • [6] (2013) Rheedea 23: 132-134
    • [7] (2013) Rheedea 23: 30-33
    • [8] (2013) PhytoKeys 23: 1-18
    • [9] Clayton, D. & Cribb, P. (2013) The Genus Calanthe . Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
    • [10] (2013) Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475
    • [11] (2012) Taxon 61: 1217-1226
    • [12] (2012) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91
    • [13] (2012) Indian Journal of Forestry 35: 79-84
    • [14] (2011) Acta Botanica Mexicana 95: 65-04. Instituto de Ecología A.C..
    • [15] (2011) Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 40-50
    • [16] (2011) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 165: 315-327
    • [17] (2011) Guihaia 31: 155-159
    • [18] (2011) Journal Europäischer Orchideen 43: 161-174
    • [19] (2011) Phytologia 93: 168-173
    • [20] (2011) The Orchid Review 119: 32-41
    • [21] (2011) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170
    • [22] (2011) Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224
    • [23] (2010) Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32: 331-323
    • [24] (2010) Malesian Orchid Journal 5: 125-138
    • [25] (2010) Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 38: 1-7
    • [26] Bernet, P. (2010) Orchidées de la Réunion . Naturae Amici éditions.
    • [27] Binojkumar, M.S. & Balakrishnan, N.P. (2010) The genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) in India. A taxonomic revision . Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
    • [28] (2009) Bothalia 39: 153-163
    • [29] (2009) Muelleria 27: 149-170
    • [30] (2009) Sistematicheskie Zametki po Materialam Gerbarii Imeni P. N. Krylova pri Tomskom Gosudarstvennom Universitete 101: 23-30
    • [31] (2009) Turkish Journal of Botany 33: 53-55
    • [32] (2005) Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72
    • [33] (2004) Adansonia 26: 143-147
    • [34] Boulos, L. (2000) Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • [35] (1994) Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • [36] (1994) Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • [37] Koyama, T. (1987) Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual . Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • [38] (1983) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • [39] (1982) Flora of New Zealand 1: 835-841+1034. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • [40] Brown, L.C. (1982) The Flora and Fauna of St Helena . Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
    • [41] (1981) Flore des Mascareignes 111-120: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • [42] Packer, J.E. (1974) Ascension Handbook. A concise guide to Ascension Island South Atlantic ed. 2: . Packer, Georgetown.
    • [43] (1967) Kew Bulletin 21: 83-92
    • [44] (1967) Mededelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht 281: 1-288
    • [45] (1963) Flora of West Tropical Africa , ed. 2, 2: 1-544
    • [46] (1938) Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 154: 37-39
    • [47] Britton, N. (1918) Flora of Bermuda . Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
    • [48]

    Sources

    International Plant Names Index
    The International Plant Names Index (2016). Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org
    [A] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families(2016). Published on the Internet http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [B] See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
    [C] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index and World Checkist of Selected Plant Families. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
    [D] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checkist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0