1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Abarema Pittier
      1. Abarema limae Iganci & M.P.Lima

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Espírito Santo to Rio de Janeiro).

    [KBu]

    Iganci, J.R.V. & Morim, M.P. 2009. Three new species of Abarema (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae) from south-eastern Brazil. Kew Bulletin 64: 271. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9110-x

    Type
    Brazil. Espírito Santo, Aracruz, estrada para Santa Rosa, H. C. Lima, R. D. Ribeiro, C. E. Meireles & F. L. R. Filardi 6600 (holotypus RB).
    Habit
    Trees 4 – 5 m tall
    Branches
    Branches with pubescent indumentum
    Stipules
    Stipules deciduous
    Leaves
    Leaves with 4 – 9 pairs of pinnae; rachis 25 – 35 cm, pubescent, canaliculate; petiole 3 – 6 cm, cylindrical, pubescent; extrafloral nectaries borne between the pairs of pinnae and leaflets, circular, patelliform; pinnae (4 – 6) 12 – 16 jugate; leaflets sessile, discolored, membranaceous, 1.8 – 2.5 × 0.7 – 1 cm, asymmetric, hardly rhombic, apex acute, bases asymmetric; adaxial and abaxial surfaces glabrous, except on the central nerve; margin ciliolate; venation brochidodromous, primary nerve subcentral. Racemes heteromorphic, short, axillary, the rachis cylindrical, 0.5 – 1 cm, pubescent; peduncle 5 cm
    Bracts
    Floral bract inconspicuous
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, basal ones pedicellate, pedicels 2 – 4 mm, calyx 3 × 2 mm, campanulate, pubescent mainly on the teeth; corolla 7 × 4 mm, campanulate, sericeous mainly on the lobes; apical ones subsessile, calyx 3 × 2 mm, campanulate, pubescent mainly on the teeth; corolla 7 × 3 mm, campanulate, sericeous mainly on the lobes; stamens 3.2 cm, staminal tube enclosed in the corolla, free parts of the stamens exserted more than 2.5 cm beyond the corolla Central flower subsessile, calyx 3 × 3 mm, campanulate, pubescent; corolla 13 × 5 mm, campanulate, sericeous; staminal tube exserted, 5 mm beyond the corolla; anthers with rimose aperture
    Ovary
    Ovary punctiform
    Fruits
    Pods glabrous, 1.5 mm, truncate at the apex, ovules 12, style 3.6 cm, stigma with curved valves, 12 – 20 cm long, chartaceous, epicarp reticulate, glabrous, brown, endocarp light brown, with brown-orange oblique impressions
    Seeds
    Seeds 8 – 10; 0.8 – 1.2 × 0.6 – 0.8 cm, bicolored, lentiform; pleurogram closed; embryo with a developed plumule
    Distribution
    Brazil: Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro.
    Ecology
    Semi-deciduous forest and ombrophilous dense forest.
    Conservation
    Endangered (EN). After exhaustive work in herbaria collections and field expeditions, we discovered that Abarema limae occurs in less than five fragmented populations. This species has a few known mature individuals which inhabit the Atlantic Domain, an endangered tropical ecosystem in Brazil, and may be considered to face a high risk of extinction in the wild.
    Note
    Abarema limae resembles A. jupunba, but differs in the absence of leaflet indumentum on the abaxial leaflet surface, the leaflet size which is smaller in A. limae (1.8 – 2.5 × 0.7 – 1 cm) than in A. jupunba (1.5 – 2.5 × 0.8 – 1 cm); the glabrous ovary in A. limae; and the pod shape and size. Abaremalimae is also similar to A. barnebyana, but differs mainly in leaflet size and shape, bigger in A. limae than in A. barnebyana (1.1 – 1.4 × 0.6 – 0.8 cm), with an acute apex. The species epithet honours the Leguminosae taxonomist Haroldo Cavalcante Lima, collector of the type specimen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Abarema limae Iganci & M.P.Lima appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2010 Folli, D.A. [4228], Espírito Santo K000868679
    Jan 1, 2010 Folli, D.A. [4228], Espírito Santo K000868680

    First published in Kew Bull. 64: 276 (2009)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Iganci, J.R.V. & Morim, M.P. (2012). Abarema (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) in the Atlantic Domain, Brazil Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168: 473-486.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Barneby, R. C. & Grimes, J. W. (1996). Silk Tree, Guanacaste, Monkey’s Earring. A generic system for the synandrous Mimosaceae of the Americas. Part I. Abarema, Albizia and Allies. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74: 1 – 292.Google Scholar
    • Pittier, H. (1927). Arboles y arbustos del orden de las Leguminosas. Trab. Mus. Comercial Venezuela 2: 112.Google Scholar
    • Bentham, G. (1876). Mimoseae. In: C. F. P. von Martius, S. Eichler & I. Urban (eds.), Flora Brasiliensis 15: 34 – 527.Google Scholar
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0