1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Berula W.D.J.Koch
      1. Berula repanda (Welw. ex Hiern) Spalik & S.R.Downie

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, SW. Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    A coarse, glabrous perennial herb up to 1·5 m., with a creeping rhizome.
    Stem
    Stems terete, hollow, strongly grooved, sometimes tinged with red.
    Leaves
    Stem leaves up to 30 cm. long, simply pinnate with narrowly oblong-lanceolate leaflets up to 10 × 2 cm.; leaf-bases with well-developed auriculate membranous sheaths; petiole and rhachis terete, hollow except at the point of attachment of the leaflets; apices acute, with a short cartilaginous mucro; margins with regular serrations, cartilaginous, the fine points incurved over the base of the next tooth.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; rays 7–24; bracts up to 2 cm. long, numerous, well developed, linear, with narrow membranous margins. Rays irregular, 1–4·5 cm. in fruit, bracteoles numerous and similar to the bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers all hermaphrodite, 20–30 in each partial umbel, on irregular rays 2–8 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellowish to greenish-white.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 2 × 1 mm., ovate-oblong, truncate below the stylopodium, reddish-brown when ripe, slightly laterally compressed; calyx teeth minute. Stylopodium conical; styles 0·5 mm. long, stiff and divergent, stigmatic surfaces slightly enlarged. Carpophore stiff, undivided or slightly 2-fid. Primary ribs filiform, secondary not developed.
    Vittae
    Vittae 1 in each interval and 2 in the commissural face; seed conforming to the shape of the fruit.
    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Coarse erect, rhizomatous perennial, rooting at the lower nodes, ± 0.6–1.5 m., moderately branched from the base upwards.
    Stem
    Stem and branches succulent, fistular, narrowly sulcate and ribbed.
    Leaves
    Leaves simply pinnate; lowest leaves with the lamina broadly lanceolate-oblong in oudine, up to ± 50 × 25 cm.; leaflets in mostly 10–15 pairs, narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, ± 6–13 × 0.8–4 cm., acute to rather blunt at the apex, occasionally with a small lobule on the basal antical margin, the margins regularly and neatly denticulate, each tooth with a white mucro which is incurved and frequendy overlapping the base of the next tooth above; sheath oblong, abrupdy narrowed and auriculate on each side above, striate, membranous-margined, ± 4–11 cm. long; leaves all sessile on the sheaths; upper leaves rapidly much reducing with fewer and narrower leaflets, as finely denticulate as the lower.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels on 2–9 cm. peduncles; rays ± (10–)15–50, unequal, 0.8–6 cm.; involucre conspicuous, of ± 8–12 linear and entire to ternate or pinnate ± 0.8–2 cm., pale-margined bracts; partial umbels ± 12–40-flowered, pedicels 2–6(–8) mm.; involucel similar to the involucre, of 8–12 simple or occasionally bi- or trifid bracteoles 3–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals small but obvious, subulate.
    Corolla
    Petals white to pale- or greenish-yellow, glabrous, ± 1 mm.
    Fruits
    Fruit broadly ovoid, ± 2 × 1.25 mm., glabrous, primary ribs pale and prominent; vitta solitary in each vallecula and 2 on the commissural face; stylopodia shortly conical, not or scarcely exceeded by the rather rigid, divergent, ± 0.5–0.7 mm. styles.
    Figures
    Fig. 25.
    Habitat
    By rivers and streams; 1800–2100 m.
    Distribution
    T7 central and southern Africa from Cameroon to Angola and Mozambique southwards to South Africa
    [FWTA]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A robust herb, about 3 ft. high
    Flowers
    Yellow flowers
    Ecology
    In marshy places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Berula repanda (Welw. ex Hiern) Spalik & S.R.Downie appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1954 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [2511], Angola Sium repandum K000232683
    Cameroon Sium repandum 17234.000

    First published in Taxon 58: 745 (2009)

    Accepted by

    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0