1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Sauromatum Schott
      1. Sauromatum giganteum (Engl.) Cusimano & Hett.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tibet to China.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Underground part a rhizome, 5–8 × 2–5cm, producing numerous annual fusiform offsets. Petiole green, with or without numerous purple spots, 20–60cm; leaf blade ovate, cordate to hastate, 15–45 × 9–25cm, margin entire, apex acuminate. Inflorescence preceding or simultaneous with leaves; peduncle 13–17cm. Spathe convolute at base, erect, oblong-ovate, 4–8cm; limb erect or recurved, ovate, to 15cm, margin sinuous, apex acuminate. Spadix sessile or nearly so, slightly shorter than spathe, to 14cm; female zone cylindric, 1–1.5cm × ca. 8mm; ovary: basal part whitish, apical part purple, cylindric, apex truncate, 2-ovuled; stigma sessile, gray, disciform; sterile zone 2–3cm, covered by distant staminodes of different types; proximal staminodes with clavate apical part, middle ones with subulate apical part, distal ones with apical part reduced to a stump; male zone ca. 2cm × 8mm; male flowers sessile; anthers ± cream-colored, with pinkish flushes, ovoid, opening by apical pore; appendix sessile, cylindric, to 6cm, ca. 5mm in diam. at base, base slightly attenuate, apex obtuse. Fruiting zone elongate, naked, ca. 5 × 3 cm; berries crowded, violet-purple, keeled, apex acute.
    Phenology
    Fl. Jul.
    Habitat
    Grasslands, field sides, streamsides, grassy slopes.
    Vernacular
    du jiao lian
    [CATE]
    Use
    Cultivated in Guangdong, Guangxi, Jilin, and Yunnan as a medicinal plant.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Manchuria, Tibet

    Sauromatum giganteum (Engl.) Cusimano & Hett. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1993 Giraldi, P.G. [s.n.], Shaanxi Typhonium giganteum K000099892 Unknown type material
    Typhonium giganteum 57592.000
    Typhonium giraldii 7637.000

    First published in Taxon 59: 445 (2010)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Hen(g) Li, Guang Hua Zhu, Boyce, P.C., Murata, J., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Bogner, J. & Jacobsen, N. 2010. Araceae in Flora of China @ efloras.org.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0