1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Sauromatum Schott
      1. Sauromatum tentaculatum (Hett.) Cusimano & Hett.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Thailand.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution

    Thailand. Endemic.

    General Description

    Deciduous herb to 1.8 m tall. Subterranean stem a subglobose tuber, 2–6 × 4–12 cm, cream. Pseudostem 40–110 cm long, plain green or with brown mottling. Leaves 1–2; cataphylls to 20 cm long, pink and brown mottled; petiole to 60 cm long, similar in colour to the pseudostem; leaf blade radiate; leaflets 7–22, ovate, 15–25 × 2–5 cm, margins undulate, apex acuminate, ending in a red-brown thread to 7 cm long, base cuneate, sessile or subsessile, leaflets plain green, sometimes with a paler midrib, underside glaucous. Inflorescence carried below the foliage; peduncle to 10 cm long, green or red-brown; spathe tube cylindrical, 5–10 × 2–4 cm, outside green with paler stripes, inside sometimes with carmine stripes, mouth margins widely recurved and more or less red-brown stained; spathe limb horizontal, ovate, 7–12 × 4–8 cm, outside green, flushed red-brown, inside pale green, tip ending in an acuminate, slender tail 10–35 cm long, this green or brown; spadix appendix exserted from the tube, ca 10 × 1.0–1.5 cm, stout, cylindrical, apex rounded, with a fluted middle part, light green, sessile or subsessile, with bristles inserted above the fertile part; fertile zone staminate or pistillate, exceptionally bisexual, slightly conical, to 5 × 2 cm; staminate flowers loosely arranged, 2–4-androus, anthers carmine, subsessile or sessile; thecae dehiscent by a rounded or oblong pore; pistillate flowers densely arranged; ovaries bottle-shaped, green; stigma apiculate, white. Infructescence on a nodding peduncle, conical, 6–12 × 3–6 cm; fruits red-orange when ripe, sometimes with a black annulus at apex, to 10 × 6 mm, apex rounded, up to 6 seeds per berry. Seeds globose, 2–6 mm diam.

    Habitat

    Limestone cracks beneath deciduous fire–prone forest, ca 300 m asl.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Thailand

    Sauromatum tentaculatum (Hett.) Cusimano & Hett. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Taxon 59: 445 (2010)

    Accepted by

    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0