1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea angusta (Swallen) L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia (Santander) to Guyana.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; reed-like; 250 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths 35 cm long; longer than adjacent culm internode. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 10 mm long; with a secondary abaxial membrane (30mm long). Leaf-blade base with a false petiole (lower leaves); petiole 50 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 80-165 cm long; 60-65 mm wide; coriaceous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 75 cm long; 3 cm wide; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches ascending; sparsely divided; 2-4 cm long; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches stiff. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled, or sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1-1.5 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2-2.5 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4-5.5 mm long; coriaceous; obtuse. Lemma of upper sterile floret 1 length of lower sterile floret. Fertile lemma ovate; 4-5.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1.5-2 mm long overall. Palea ovate; 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; without keels. Palea apex obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Guiana 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Guyana, Venezuela

    Chusquea angusta (Swallen) L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 680 (2009)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0