1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea cylindrica L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Trinidad.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; robust; 150-200 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 50-150 cm long; 30-80 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted, or spiciform; lanceolate; 30-80 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches appressed; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches stiff. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile, or pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 2 mm long; 0.3-0.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; coriaceous; ciliolate on margins; rostrate. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 4 mm long; 0.66 length of lower sterile floret; coriaceous; ciliolate on margins; acuminate; mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate. Palea ovate; 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; without keels. Palea apex acute; pubescent.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Caribbean.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Chusquea cylindrica L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Neurolepis virgata K000433315 holotype

    First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 680 (2009)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0