1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea fimbriligulata (L.G.Clark) L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Peru.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; reed-like; 300-600 cm long; 10-18 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 5-28 cm long; distally glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths without keel, or medianly thickened; glabrous on surface, or hispid; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or erect. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 10-50 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.4 cm long. Leaf-blades erect; deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 28-63 cm long; 30-63 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; smooth, or scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 10-14 cm long; glabrous, or hirsute above. Panicle open; lanceolate; 59-84 cm long; 12-20 cm wide. Primary panicle branches appressed; 18-34 cm long. Panicle axis glabrous, or puberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.5-2 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete, or dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 3.6-5.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete, or dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 3.6-5.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 2-4 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 2.37-9.6 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 1.6-3.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 1(-3) -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 2-8 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2.7-4.5 mm long; coriaceous; 3-5 -veined; pubescent; hairy at apex; setaceously attenuate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 2.5-4.9 mm long; pubescent (at tip); acuminate; muticous, or mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 3-5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea 3-4.8 mm long; coriaceous; 2-4 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1.3-1.7 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 3; 2.8-3.2 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clarke 2001.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Chusquea fimbriligulata (L.G.Clark) L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 681 (2009)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0