1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea magnifolia L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to N. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 550-600 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse; arising from lower culm. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; keeled; ribbed; glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 2-5 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 10-20 mm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 7 mm long; with a secondary abaxial membrane (2 pubescent processes 30-63 mm long); obtuse. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 100-215 cm long; 100-170 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade venation with 16-17 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins, or with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; spinulose. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 200 cm long. Panicle open; linear, or lanceolate; secund; 100-174 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending; 1 -nate; 15-25 cm long; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle axis pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-2 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.75 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblate; 1 mm long; 0.1-0.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.33 length of fertile lemma; coriaceous. Lemma of upper sterile floret 1.5 length of lower sterile floret. Fertile lemma ovate; 4.5-5 mm long; coriaceous; shiny; without keel. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 0.75 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 3; 3 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. McClure 1995.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Costa Rica, Panamá, Venezuela

    Chusquea magnifolia L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 681 (2009)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0