1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea petiolata (Davidse & L.G.Clark) L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; reed-like; 100-400 cm long; 10-15 mm diam.; firm, or wiry; with prop roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 40-120 mm long. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a false petiole; petiole 21-46 cm long; petiole glabrous. Leaf-blades erect; deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 67-93 cm long; 70-110 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 80-160 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; 1 -nate; 15-36 cm long. Panicle axis glabrous. Panicle branches with prominent pulvini. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-9.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-9.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.3-0.6 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.9-1.7 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex emarginate, or obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4-6 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; purple; 3-5 -veined; scaberulous; rough above; pubescent; hairy at base; bearing hairs 0.5-1 mm long; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 6-7 mm long; scabrous (above); glabrous. Fertile lemma ovate; 7-9 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex setaceously attenuate. Palea 6-7 mm long; coriaceous; 4 -veined; without keels. Palea surface glabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1.4-1.5 mm long; glabrous. Anthers 3; 5.1-5.2 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 5.2-5.5 mm long. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clarke 2001.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2300 - 2400 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2000 - 3500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Chusquea petiolata (Davidse & L.G.Clark) L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 681 (2009)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0