1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea spectabilis L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela to Ecuador.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; robust; 600-800 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; pubescent. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 40 mm long; scarious; bilobed. Leaf-blade base without a false petiole, or with a false petiole; petiole 7-10 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 70 cm long; 40 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate. Primary panicle branches 1 -nate. Panicle axis glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 20-30 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2 mm long; 0.2-0.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; coriaceous; 3 -veined; ciliolate on margins; fringed above; obtuse. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; coriaceous; ciliolate on margins; fringed above; obtuse. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma apex acute. Palea lanceolate; coriaceous; 2 -veined; without keels. Palea apex obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Pilger 2001.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2900 - 3520 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela

    Chusquea spectabilis L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 s.coll. [s.n.], Colombia K000433318 holotype

    First published in Syst. Bot. 34: 681 (2009)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0