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  1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solanum L.
      1. Solanum agnewiorum Voronts.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: Kenya, Meru District, Igembe, Kangeta, Nyambeni Forest, Vorontsova, Ficinski, Kirika, Muthoka & Muroki 196 (EA!, holo.; BM!, MO!, K!, NY!, iso.)
    General
    Prostrate or climbing shrub to 4 m, heavily armed; young stems sparsely stellatepubescent with trichomes porrect, orange-translucent, sessile, rays 6–8, 0.1–0.15 mm, midpoints usually 0.5–1 mm; prickles curved, 1.5–3 mm long, 1–2.5 mm wide at base, round or flattened
    Leaves
    Leaf blades drying concolorous to weakly discolorous, yellow-green to green-brown, elliptic, 6–14 × 4.5–9 cm, ± 2 times longer than wide, base cuneate, often oblique, margin lobed, the lobes 2–5 on each side, deltate, 1–1.7 cm long, acuminate and extending 1/4–1/3 of the distance to the midvein, apex acuminate; sparsely stellate-pubescent on both sides with trichomes on abaxial surface porrect, sessile, rays ± 8, 0.1–0.25 mm, midpoints 0.3–1 mm, trichomes of adaxial surface smaller with midpoints elongated to 1 mm; primary veins 3–5 pairs; petiole 1.2–6 cm, 1/4–1/2 of the leaf length
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences not branched, 2–3 cm long, with 1–4 flowers; peduncle 0–5 mm long; rachis 0–0.8 cm long; peduncle and rachis unarmed or with up to 5 prickles; pedicels 0.9–1.3 cm long in flower, in fruit 2.5–3.5 cm long, with 2–10 prickles
    Flowers
    Flowers heterostylous, only 1–2 long-styled, 5- merous
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long, the lobes deltate, 1–2 mm long, acuminate, unarmed or with up to 10 prickles
    Corolla
    Corolla white, 1.3–1.6 cm in diameter, lobed for 2/3–3/4 of its length, lobes deltate, 5–6.5 × 2.5–3.5 mm
    Stamens
    Stamens equal; anthers 4–4.5 mm
    Ovary
    Ovary with a few stellate trichomes; style 5.5–7.5 mm long on long-styled flowers
    Fruits
    Berries 1(–2) per infructescence, striped when young, orange at maturity, spherical, 20–25 mm in diameter; fruiting calyx unarmed or with up to 10 prickles
    Seeds
    Seeds 5.5–6 × ± 4.5 mm
    Ecology
    Moist montane forest understorey, CrotonBrachylaenaCalodendrum and Ocotea forests; 1800–2500 m
    Note
    Specimens of S. agnewiorum look deceptively similar to the common and hypervariable S. anguivi Lam. as its distinguishing characters in the fruit are easily overlooked due to scarcity of fruiting material. Solanum agnewiorum differs from S. anguivi by its climbing habit, prickles always curved, leaf lobes acuminate, 1–4 flowers and 1–2 fruits per inflorescence, fruits 20–25 mm diameter, and seeds 5.5–6 mm diameter.
    Distribution
    Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: K4

    Images

    Distribution

    Other Data

    Solanum agnewiorum Voronts. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hepper, F.N. [4923], Kenya K001156754
    Polhill [455], Kenya K001156756
    Verdcourt [2993], Kenya K001156755

    Bibliography

    First published in Phytotaxa 10: 32 (31-36; figs. 1-2, map (2010)

    Accepted by

    • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Phytotaxa 10: 32 (2010).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0