1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthosachne Steud.
      1. Anthosachne sacandros (Connor) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand South Island.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations extravaginal and intravaginal. Culms erect; 15-40 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths 3-12 cm long; ribbed; scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate; 0.5-1 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2-0.3 mm long. Collar pilose. Leaf-blades filiform; involute; 10-80 cm long; 0.5-0.7 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 5-20 cm long; bearing 4-8 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 40-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-3 mm long; pilose. Floret callus 1-1.5 mm long; bearded. Floret callus hairs 1.5-2.5 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 40-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-3 mm long; pilose. Floret callus 1-1.5 mm long; bearded. Floret callus hairs 1.5-2.5 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4.5-6.5 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-11 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-11.5 mm long; coriaceous. Lemma midvein thickened. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma margins scaberulous. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; 25-60 mm long overall. Palea 10-11.5 mm long. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 1.5-2 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 3.8-5.5 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 5-6 mm long. Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Connor 2000.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand South

    Anthosachne sacandros (Connor) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Telopea 13: 50 (2011)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0