1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthosachne Steud.
      1. Anthosachne solandri (Steud.) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary, or caespitose. Stolons present. Basal innovations extravaginal and intravaginal. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent, or prostrate; 40-100 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths 3-5 cm long; keeled; puberulous. Leaf-sheath oral hairs pubescent. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate; 1-1.5 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2-0.5 mm long; truncate. Collar pubescent. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate, or involute; 15-21 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; puberulous; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins smooth, or scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 8-20 cm long; bearing 3-15 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 25-80 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-3 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.75 mm long; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 25-80 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-3 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.75 mm long; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-11 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface asperulous; rough above. Lower glume apex acuminate to setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-12 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough above. Upper glume apex acuminate to setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-13 mm long; coriaceous. Lemma midvein thickened. Lemma margins scaberulous. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; reflexed; 35-75 mm long overall. Palea 9.5-12 mm long. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 1.25-1.5 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 3-5 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 5-6.5 mm long. Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Connor 2000.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Anthosachne solandri (Steud.) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 22, 2014 Haast, J.F.J. [531], New Zealand Elymus solandri K000978797 holotype

    First published in Telopea 13: 51 (2011)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0