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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium pilosum J.R.I.Wood

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia.

    [KBu]

    Wood, J.R.I. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9282-z

    Habit
    Low, untidy, much-branched aromatic undershrub to 30 cm in height; stems quadrangular, pilose, the leaf nodes scurfy-pilose
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, very crowded; petioles 1 – 1.5 mm long, pilose; lamina 7 – 12 × 3 – 6 mm, ovate, obtuse, cuneate at the base, margin obscurely 2 – 3-toothed on each side, both surfaces pilose with large-celled hairs, the lower surface paler and very densely dotted with pale glands
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1 – 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle c. 1 mm long, pilose; bracts at branching point, c. 2 × 1 mm, shorter than the pedicels, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, pilose; pedicels 2 – 3 mm long, pilose, not conspicuously jointed above the base; calyx 2 – 2.5 mm long, narrowly campanulate, ribbed, the exterior pilose, gland-dotted, the interior glabrous except for a ring of hairs around the base of the teeth, teeth 1 – 1.5 × 1 mm, longer than the tube, lanceolate, acuminate, the tips recurved; corolla white, subequally 5-lobed, the tube c. 1 mm long, ± equalling the calyx tube; filaments very short, subequal, anthers included; style c. 1 mm long, glabrous, shortly exserted
    Fruits
    Nutlets 1 – 1.5 × 1 mm, obscurely angled, obtuse, pubescent with stiffish hairs.
    Ecology
    A Bolivian endemic only known from the western side of the Cuesta de Sama near Tarija where it grows on open grassy slopes on stony soil between 2800 – 3200 m.
    Note
    Obviously related to both Clinopodium cochabambense and C. odorum but distinguished by the obtuse nutlets and the pilose indumentum of large-celled hairs, which cover all vegetative parts. Although these two characters both suggest some affinity with C. gilliesii which grows within a few kilometres of the type locality on the western side of the Cuesta de Sama, this species does not appear to be of hybrid origin. The populations are not mixed, C. pilosum is perfectly fertile and the hairy nutlets, ovate leaves and the shape of the calyx teeth all place it close to C. odorum rather than C. gilliesii.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia

    Other Data

    Clinopodium pilosum J.R.I.Wood appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wood, J.R.I. [21385], Bolivia K000975975 holotype
    Wood, J.R.I. [21385], Bolivia K000975976 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 66: 213 (2011)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

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    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0