1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Eremanthus Less.
      1. Eremanthus brevifolius Loeuille

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Minas Gerais: NW. Serra do Cipó).


    Loeuille, B., Lopes, J.C. & Pirani, J.R. 2012. Kew Bulletin 67: 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-012-9328-x

    Treelet to 1 m; bark ± fissured longitudinally
    Stems well-branched in upper part, leafy at first becoming leafless, greyish tomentose with triangular leaf-scars following leaf falls
    Leaves alternate, simple, petiole 25 – 45 mm long, blade narrowly oblong to elliptic, rarely oblanceolate or lanceolate, 2 – 2.5 × 0.6 – 0.8 cm, venation brochidodromous to weakly eucamptodromous in upper part, midrib furrowed, adaxially densely black glandular dotted, grey tomentose, abaxially dirty white yellowish, densely tomentose, tomentum of simple, uniseriate hairs, margins entire, usually flat to slightly revolute on lower part, apex obtuse to acute, base decurrent to cuneate
    Glomerulescence a cyme of 2 – 4 glomerules
    Capitula homogamous, discoid, sessile, 5 – 10 per glomerule, interspersed with leaf-like bracts, slightly appressed at base and free; involucre 4 – 5-seriate, imbricate, cylindrical to slightly urceolate, rarely obconical; outer phyllaries ovate to lanceolate, 2.5 – 3.6 × 0.75 – 1.1 mm, margins scarious, apex obtuse to slightly acute, lanate to tomentose, purple apex, inner phyllaries linear to lanceolate, 4.8 – 6.5 × 1 – 1.4 mm, margins subscarious, apex obtuse to slightly acute, tomentulose to glabrescent, apex purple; receptacle flat, foveolate with some isolated fimbriae to c- 0.15 mm
    Florets 4 – 7 per capitulum, bisexual, fertile; corollas actinomorphic, deeply 5-lobed, lilac becoming whitish, corolla tube 2.8 – 4.9 × 0.5 – 0.8 mm, glabrous, corolla lobes 2.5 – 3.2 × 0.5 – 0.6 mm, glandular-punctate at base of lobes, apex acute; apical anther appendages narrowly trullate, acute, anther base sagittate, acute; style shaft 4.3 – 7.6 mm long, lilac to pale pink, glabrous throughout except for pubescent upper 0.9 – 1.1 mm beneath style-arms, style-arms 2.6 – 2.8 mm long, apex acute, pubescent outside, hairs acute, style-base glabrous, lacking basal node
    Cypsela turbinate, 0.8 – 1.5 × 0.4 – 0.8 mm, strongly 10-ribbed, glabrous, densely glandular-punctate; carpopodium minute; pappus setae biseriate, equal length, stramineous, persistent or deciduous, 5 – 6 × 0.1 – 0.2 mm, ± barbellate, twisted throughout length or limited to proximal half
    South America: endemic to Minas Gerais State, Brazil (Map 2).
    In camposrupestres, among rocks.
    According to available information about Eremanthusbrevifolius, it can be scored using IUCN conservation criteria (IUCN 2001) as Vulnerable (VU), since its area of occupancy is very restricted VU (criteria D2). The single locality known is outside of a protected area and thus, prone to the effects of human activities.
    Preliminary data from the molecular phylogeny has conflicted with the infrageneric classification proposed by MacLeish (1987), thus Eremanthusbrevifolius is not being assigned to any infrageneric categories at this time. It is related to E. hatschbachii H. Rob., by the small size of its leaves and a biseriate pappus without an outer reduced series, but this new species differs by the leaf shape (narrowly oblong to elliptic, rarely oblanceolate or lanceolate vs ovate), the indument of the adaxial face (densely black glandular dotted, tomentose vs glabrous) and the number of florets (4 – 7 vs 2 – 3). E. brevifolius is also similar superficially to E. elaeagnus in habit, indumentum of abaxial leaves and capitula sessile slightly appressed and free, but differs in leaf size (2 – 2.5 × 0.6 – 0.8 cm vs 5 – 12 × 1.5 – 3 cm), the indumentum of the adaxial surface (densely black glandular dotted, tomentose vs sparsely lepidote), the number of florets per capitulum (4 – 7 vs 3 – 4) and the number of series of pappus setae (2 vs 3 – 5).

    In terms of distribution, Eremanthushatschbachii is presently known only from Serra do Cabeludo (Mun. Mucugê) in the state of Bahia, while E. elaeagnus is a common species in Minas Gerais especially in the Espinhaçomoutain range as well as in Serra da Canastra. E. brevifolius is currently known only from the type collection in Serra Talhada, a northeastern extension of Serra do Cipó, a region well known for its many endemics in the Compositae. Two other species of Eremanthus (E. elaeagnus and E. erythropappus) have been recorded, so far, in Serra Talhada. E. brevifolius is probably a microendemic to this region, a distribution pattern common in the Lychnophorinae. The type locality has been very poorly collected until now which probably explains why we have found only a single collection even after visiting most of the Brazilian herbaria. Even if it might be considered challenging to describe a new species based on a single collection, such characteristics as the number of series of pappus setae and of florets per capitulum clearly prevent us from considering it conspecific with E. elaeagnus.



    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Eremanthus brevifolius Loeuille appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Loeuille, B. [71], Minas Gerais K001092362 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 67(1): 5 (2012)

    Accepted by

    • A synopsis of Lychnophorinae (Asteraceae: Vernonieae) (2019). Loeuille, B., Semir, J. & Pirani, J.R. Phytotaxa 398: 1-139.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Kew Bulletin
    • Hind, D. J. N. (2009). Glossary. In: An annotated preliminary checklist of the Compositae of Bolivia. Published on the internet http://www.kew.org/science/tropamerica/boliviacompositae/index.html [accessed August 2009].
    • Alves, R. J. V., Cardin, L. & Kropf, M. S. (2007). Angiosperm disjunction ‘Campos rupestres – restingas’: a re-evaluation. Acta Bot. Bras. 21: 675 – 685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Robinson, H. (2006) [2007]. Vernonieae. In: J. Kadereit & C. Jeffrey (vol. eds), Vol. 8: Asterales. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, series ed.): 149 – 174. Springer. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.Google Scholar
    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories: version 3.1. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge. http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria/2001-categories-criteria
    • Nakajima, J. N. & Semir, J. (2001). Asteraceae do Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, Minas Gerais, Brasil. RevistaBrasil. Bot. 24: 471 – 478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Hind, D. J. N. (2000). Two new species of Paralychnophora (Compositae: Vernonieae) from Bahia. Kew Bull. 55: 367 – 379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Nakajima, J. N. (2000). A família Asteraceae no Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra, MG. PhD thesis, unpublished. UniversidadeEstadual de Campinas.Google Scholar
    • Robinson, H. (1999). Generic and subtribal classification of American Vernonieae. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 89: 1 – 116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Rizzini, C. T. (1997). Tratado de Fitogeografia do Brasil. 2 ed. Rio de Janeiro, Âmbito Cultural Edições, Ltd.Google Scholar
    • Robinson, H. (1997). The Paralychnophora group of Eremanthus (Vernonieae: Asteraceae). Rhodora 98(no. 893): 85 – 93.Google Scholar
    • Robinson, H.(1995). New combinations and new species in American Vernonieae (Asteraceae). Phytologia 78: 384 – 399.Google Scholar
    • MacLeish, N. F. F. (1987). Revision of Eremanthus (Compositae: Vernonieae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 265 – 290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • MacLeish, N. F. F. (1984a). Eight new combinations in Vernonia (Compositae: Vernonieae). Syst. Bot. 9: 133 – 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • MacLeish, N. F. F. (1984b). Revision of Eremanthus Less. (Compositae: Vernonieae). PhD thesis, unpublished. University of Georgia.Google Scholar
    • MacLeish, N. F. F. & Schumacher, H. (1984). Six new species of Eremanthus (Vernonieae: Compositae) from Brazil. Syst. Bot. 9: 85 – 95.Google Scholar
    • Robinson, H. (1980). Notes on the Lychnophorine genera Chresta and Eremanthus (Vernonieae: Asteraceae). Phytologia 45: 89 – 100.Google Scholar
    • Baker, J. G. (1873). Compositae I. Vernoniaceae. In: C. F. P. von Martius† & A. W. Eichler (eds), Flora Brasiliensis 6(2): 5 – 180. Fried. Fleischer, Münich, Vienna, Leipzig.Google Scholar
    • Schultz-Bipontinus, C. H. (1863) [1864]. Lychnophora Martius! und einigebenachbarteGattungen. Jahresber. Pollichia 20/21: 321 – 439.Google Scholar
    • Schultz-Bipontinus, C. H. (1861). Cassiniaceaeuniflorae, oderVerzeichniss der Cassiniaceenmit 1-blüthigen Köpfchen. Jahresber. Pollichia 18/19: 157 – 190.Google Scholar
    • Candolle, A. P. de (1838). Mantissa Compositarum. pp. 263 – 287 [Trib. III. Asteroideae: 271 – 287]. ProdromusSystematis Naturalis RegniVegetabilis, … vol. 7,.Treutel et Würtz, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Candolle, A. P. de (1836). Vernoniaceae. ProdromusSystematis Naturalis RegniVegetabilis, … v. 5, pp. 9 – 103. Treutel et Würtz, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Lessing, C. F. (1829). De synantherisherbariiregiiberolinensisdissertatio prima. Vernonieae. Linnaea 4: 240 – 356.Google Scholar
    • Sprengel, C. (1826). Systemavegetabilium, ed. 16, pp. 1 – 936. Göttingae [Göttingen].Google Scholar


    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0