1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea glomerata (Swallen) Dorr

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia (Samtander) to Venezuela.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long; 8 mm diam.; 12 -noded; without nodal roots, or with prop roots. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; smooth. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 8 mm long; with a secondary abaxial membrane (20 mm long). Leaf-blade base with a false petiole; petiole 10 cm long. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; linear; 150 cm long; 40-50 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; bracteate at branch bases. Panicle open; pyramidal; 80 cm long; 20 cm wide; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches with prominent pulvini. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5.5-6.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5.5-6.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1.3-1.6 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 2-2.3 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 2.6 mm long; coriaceous; ciliolate on margins; obtuse. Lemma of upper sterile floret 3.6-4 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 5.5-6.3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. Palea 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Swallen 1996.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Venezuela

    Chusquea glomerata (Swallen) Dorr appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Phytoneuron 2012-23: 1 (2012)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0