1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Trichanthecium Zuloaga & Morrone
      1. Trichanthecium parvifolium (Lam.) Zuloaga & Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical America, Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial; culms 8–50 cm. long, slender, wiry, ascending, often rooting at the lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades lanceolate to narrowly-ovate, 1.5–3 cm. long, 2–7 mm. wide, cordate, cross-veins present, glabrous or pilose, usually glaucous, acute, ascending, becoming reflexed at maturity.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 1–3 cm. long, rarely more, often barely exserted from the uppermost leaf-sheath, moderately branched, the branches spreading to reflexed.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate-oblong, 1–2 mm. long, glabrous; lower glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, 3-nerved; upper glume 5-nerved, acute; lower lemma 5-nerved, sterile, its palea well-developed; upper lemma pale, shining.
    Habitat
    Swamps; 0–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K7 P T1 T6 T7 T8 U2 U4 throughout tropical Africa;tropical America
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Creeping perennial with long wiry stolons
    Leaves
    Rigid glaucous leaves
    Ecology
    Swamps.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms prostrate; slender; 8-50 cm long; wiry; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base cordate. Leaf-blades ascending, or reflexed (at maturity); lanceolate to ovate; 1.5-3 cm long; 2-7 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; ovate; 1-3 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading, or reflexed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 1-2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial; culms 8–1500 cm. long, slender, wiry, branching, decumbent, ascending or scrambling.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 1.5–3 cm. long and 2–7 mm. wide, narrowly ovate to lanceolate, cordate, flat, glaucous, cross-veins present, acute; spreading to reflexed at maturity.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 1–3 cm. long, ovate, moderately branched, the branches spreading or reflexed at maturity.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1–2 mm. long, ovate-oblong, glabrous; inferior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelets, 3-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, sterile; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre

    Trichanthecium parvifolium (Lam.) Zuloaga & Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1986 Hopkins, M.J.G. [793], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078876
    Jan 1, 1985 Schatz, G.E. [849], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078843
    Jan 1, 1982 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078882
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [23815], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078844
    Jan 1, 1973 Pires, J.M. [52356], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078873
    Jan 1, 1972 Prance, G.T. [15683], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078874
    Jan 1, 1961 Eiten, G. [2343], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078850
    Hunt, D.R. [5645], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078879
    Hunt, D.R. [5893], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078880
    Tutin, T.G. [688] Panicum parvifolium K000309242 Unknown type material
    Clayton, W.D. [4933], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078877
    Edwards, P.J. [2538], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078875
    Pedersen, T.M. [11087], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078884
    Bidgood, S. [5579], Tanzania Panicum parvifolium K000468845
    Pirani, J.R. [1870], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078886
    Eiten, G. [9801], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078878
    Eiten, G. [1977], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078848
    Eiten, G. [2343], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078849
    Eiten, G. [10215], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078845
    Swainson [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078864
    Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078859
    Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078862
    Swallen, J.R. [3238], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078869
    Swallen, J.R. [3654], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078846
    Kummrow, R. [2202], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078854
    Leprieur [33], Africa Panicum parvifolium K000256722 Unknown type material
    Goldsmith [150], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078883
    Guillemin [558], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078868
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078847
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078856
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078857
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078860
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078861
    Argent, G.C.G. [6308], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078881
    Guillemin, M. [558], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078867
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [22523], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078866
    Baldwin, J.T. Jr. [3391], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078872
    Mexia, Y.E.J. [5987], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078871
    Hatschbach, G.G. [13758], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078851
    Hatschbach, G.G. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078852
    Hatschbach, G.G. [35905], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078885
    s.coll. [632], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078870
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078855
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078858
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078865
    Dombrowski, L.T.D. [1341], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078853
    Barbosa, J. [668], Brazil Panicum parvifolium K001078863

    First published in Syst. Bot. Monogr. 94: 59 (2011)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
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    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0