1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Mucuna Adans.
      1. Mucuna klitgaardiae T.M.Moura, G.P.Lewis & A.M.G.Azevedo

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador to N. Peru.

    [KBu]

    Moura, T.M., Lewis, G.P., Mansano, V.F. et al. 2013. Three new species of Mucuna (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Phaseoleae) from South America. Kew Bulletin 68: 143. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-012-9429-6

    Type
    Type: Ecuador, Province Pichincha, Road Calacalí, Klitgaard, Lozano & Bruneau 653 (holotype K!; isotypes AAU!, NY!).
    Habit
    Lianas; stems with dense, erect golden hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, 3-foliolate; stipules absent; pulvinus cylindrical, 10 × 2 mm, tomentose; petiole 7 – 15 cm long, angular, with dense, erect, golden hairs; rachis 1 – 2.5 cm long, angular, hairs as on the petiole; stipels absent; petiolules 5 – 7 mm long, angular, with dense, erect, golden hairs (denser than on the petiole and rachis); leaflet blades ovate to elliptic, apical leaflet 10 – 15 × 5.5 – 8.5 cm, rounded at base, cuspidate at apex, lateral leaflets 9 – 12 × 5.5 – 10 cm, asymmetrical, subcordate at base, cuspidate at apex, with golden appressed hairs on the adaxial surface, and denser, erect golden hairs on the abaxial surface, venation eucamptodromous, secondary veins 4 – 5 pairs per leaflet
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, pseudo-umbelliform, pendent; peduncle 20 – 40 cm long, with dense, erect golden hairs; primary axis condensed, all flowers clustered together at the apex; bracts foliaceous, 5 – 7 × 3 – 4 cm, sericeous; pedicels 2 cm long, sericeous; flowers 8 – 10 cm long
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 2 – 2.5 cm long, with long appressed hairs on both surfaces; lobes 4, the adaxial lobe formed by two connate sepals, 10 × 8 mm, apex obtuse, the other three lobes 10 × 4 mm, apex acute
    Corolla
    Corolla reported as white [Asplund 19206 (S); Davis 459 (S)], cream [Klitgaard et al-653 (K)] or greenish-white [Holm-Nielsen et al-24506 (AAU, MO)]; standard petal ovate, 6.4 × 5 cm, base attenuate, apex retuse, the claw c. 5 mm long, glabrous; wing petals 9 × 2.2 cm, oblong-elliptic, base attenuate, apex obtuse, pubescent at base, the claw c. 4 mm; keel petals 9 × 1.5 cm, oblong, base attenuate, apex obtuse, pubescent at base, the claw c. 1 mm
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, diadelphous, with nine fused for c. 65 – 70% of their filament length, the tenth stamen free; filaments 9 cm long, glabrous; anthers ovate to oblong-elliptic, basifixed except for the dorsifixed anther on the free stamen, 4 – 5 mm long, the connective tomentose
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium 9.5 cm long, ovary sessile, oblong, 15 × 3 mm, densely sericeous, 5-ovulate; style 8 cm long, densely sericeous, glabrescent at apex, stigma peltate, villous
    Fruits
    Fruits oblong, laterally compressed, 28 × 5 cm, attenuate at base, caudate at apex, pubescent, with dense erect golden hairs, the valve surfaces lacking lamellate ornamentation, the margins of the fruit with a somewhat lignified wing
    Seeds
    Seeds 5 per pod, dark brown, round, 2.5 – 3.0 × 2.5 – 3.0 cm; hilum black, circling nearly the total circumference of the seed
    Figures
    Fig. 3.
    Note
    Mucuna klitgaardiae is diagnosed by its pseudo-umbelliform inflorescences; pendent peduncles 20 – 40 cm long; bracts 5 – 7 cm long; flowers 8 – 10 cm long, with the corolla white, cream or greenish-white; fruits densely covered with hairs and possessing a marginal wing but lacking lamellate ornamentation; round seeds with the hilum extending nearly the total length of the seed circumference. It is similar to M. cuatrecasasii and M. cajamarca as all three species have persistent bracts; white to greenish-yellow corollas; and the margins of the valves have a lignified wing. M. klitgaardiae differs from the other two in lacking transverse lamellae on the fruit valves. The species is named after Bente B. Klitgaard, a legume systematist with a detailed knowledge of the Ecuadorian flora and the plant family Leguminosae, who collected the type specimen.
    Distribution
    Mucuna klitgaardiae occurs in Ecuador (provinces of Napo, Pastaza, Pichincha, Morona Santiago, Tungurahua and Zamora-Chinchipe) and San Martín, Peru (province Mariscal Caceres) (Map 1).
    Ecology
    Mucuna klitgaardiae frequently occurs along rivers or in humid areas along roadsides; alt. 900 – 2000 m.
    Conservation
    Mucuna klitgaardiae has a restricted area of occupancy (AOO = 52 km2) in both countries. According to IUCN criteria (2001) this can be considered an Endangered (EN) species.
    Phenology
    Flowering March – Dec.; fruiting Jan. – June.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ecuador, Peru

    Mucuna klitgaardiae T.M.Moura, G.P.Lewis & A.M.G.Azevedo appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2012 Klitgaard, B.B. [653], Ecuador K000882350 holotype
    Jan 1, 2012 Klitgaard, B.B. [653], Ecuador K000882351 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 68: 149 (2012)

    Accepted by

    • De Moura, T.M., Lewis, G.P., Mansano, V.F. & Tozzi, A.M.G.A. (2018). A revision of the neotropical Mucuna species (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) Phytotaxa 337: 1-65.
    • Moura, T.M., Lewis, G.P., Mansano, V.F. & Tozzi, A.M.G.A. (2014). Taxonomic studies in Mucuna Adans. (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae) from Peru Systematic Botany 39: 884-896.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Moura, T. M., Zamora, N. A., Torke, B. M., Mansano, V. F. & Tozzi, A. M. G. A. (2012). A new species of Mucuna (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae-Phaseoleae) from Costa Rica and Panama. Phytotaxa 60: 1 – 8.Google Scholar
    • Lewis, G. P., Hughes, C. E., DazaYomona, A., Sotuyo, J. S. & Simon, M. F. (2010). Three new legumes endemic to the Marañón Valley, Perú. Kew Bull. 65: 209 – 220.Google Scholar
    • Ruiz, L. K. (2009). Sinopsis de las especiesColombianas de Mucuna (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Phaseoleae). In: E. Forero (ed.), EstúdiosenLeguminosasColombianas II, pp. 387 – 417. Universidade Nacional Colombiana, Bogotá.Google Scholar
    • Tozzi, A. M. G. A., Agostini, K. & Sazima, M. (2005). A new species of MucunaAdans. (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae, Phaseoleae) from southeastern Brazil, with a key to Brazilian species. Taxon 54: 451 – 455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red list Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commision. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.Google Scholar
    • Ducke, A. (1925). Plantesnouvellesoupeuconnues de la régionamazonienne. In: A. P. Leão, A. Ducke, A. & J. G. Kuhlmann (ed.), Arch. Jard. Bot. Rio de Janeiro 4: 1 – 208.Google Scholar
    • Standley, P. C. (1922). Trees and Shrubs of Mexico 2. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 171 – 515.Google Scholar
    • Fawcett, W. & Rendle, A. B. (1917). Notes on Jamaica Plants. J. Bot. 55: 35 – 38.Google Scholar
    • Hooker, J. D. & Bentham, G. (1849). Leguminosae. Flora Nigritiana, pp. 291 – 316. Hippolyte Bailliere Publisher, London.Google Scholar
    • De Candolle, A. C. P. de (1825). ProdromusSystematis Naturalis RegniVegetabilis 2. Treuttel & Würtz, Paris, Strasbourg & London.Google Scholar
    • Medikus, F. K. (1787). VersucheinerneuenLehrart, die PflanzennachzweyMethodenzugleich, nehmlichnach der künstlichen und natürlichenzuordnen, durcheinBeyspieleinernatürlichenFamilie. Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges. 2: 327 – 460.Google Scholar
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Moura, T.M., Lewis, G.P., Mansano, V.F. & Tozzi, A.M.G.A. (2014). Taxonomic studies in Mucuna Adans. (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae) from Peru Systematic Botany 39: 884-896.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0