1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vachellia Wight & Arn.
      1. Vachellia horrida (L.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India to Myanmar.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub 1.3–3.6 m. high, normally flat-crowned, obconical and branching from base, very rarely taller (to 10 m.) but still with fastigiate branching from base.
    Branches
    Young branchlets grey-brown to brown or blackish-purple, glabrous.
    Stipules
    Stipules spinescent, up to 9.5 cm. long, some normally with their lower part enlarged and ovoid or fusiform, not or only slightly constricted at base; no prickles below the stipules.
    Leaves
    Leaves:rhachis eglandular between the 2–6 pairs of pinnae; often a conspicuous gland on the petiole; leaflets 5–11 pairs, 2–6 mm. long, 0.75–1.8 mm. wide, subglabrous or inconspicuously ciliate, rounded to subacute or acute at apex, lateral nerves invisible.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream, sessile, in spikes 1–4.5 cm. long on peduncles 0.5–1 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.3–1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2–2.5 mm. long, glabrous, with 4 lobes 0.5–0.7 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments about 5 mm. long; anthers 0.1–0.15 mm. across, with a caducous gland.
    Fruits
    Pods brown, dehiscent, glabrous or slightly puberulous especially near base and along sutures, oblong, subreniform or ± shortly falcate, (2.5–)3–6 cm. long, (1.2–)1.5–2.5 cm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± obovate-compressed, 5 mm. long, 4–4.5 mm. wide; central areole small, 2 × 1.5 mm.
    Distribution
    As for the subsp., but also in India
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Cape Gum, Dev-Babul

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Myanmar

    Vachellia horrida (L.) Kyal. & Boatwr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1958 s.coll. [5245], India Acacia latronum K000791147
    Wallich [5245], India Acacia latronum K000791146
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5232] Acacia latronum K001120221
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5245] Acacia umbraculata K001120258

    First published in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 513 (2013)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0