1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Rotheca Raf.
      1. Rotheca microphylla (Blume) Callm. & Phillipson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to Mozambique, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

    Habit
    Shrub 0.6–2.5 m. tall, with straw-coloured stems; youngest parts ± ferruginous pubescent, soon glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, sometimes drying purplish, elliptic to lanceolate, 1.7–13.5 cm. long, 1.2–6 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, gradually attenuate at the base, usually slightly discolorous, entire or usually coarsely deeply incised-toothed, often only 2–3 teeth on each side, or pinnatilobed, the divisions very acute, with scattered hairs above and on the venation beneath, or quite densely pubescent particularly beneath, rather distinctly gland-dotted, scented (descriptions vary from sweet to highly unpleasant!); petioles 0.5–1.5 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes terminal and in upper axils and much lower topping short lateral branchlets; peduncles to 2 cm. long; apparent pedicels 2.5–8 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles linear to spathulate, 2–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, 5 mm. long, the teeth narrowly triangular, 1.5–3 mm. long.
    Buds
    Buds with globose limb.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, opening early in the morning; tube 5–9 cm. long, with sparse to dense gland-tipped hairs; limb 2.5 × 2 cm., the lobes 0.8–1.5 cm. long, 4.5–7 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Anthers purple on crimson and purple filaments, exserted 3–5 cm.
    Style
    Style purple and white, exserted 3–5 cm.
    Fruits
    Fruit depressed-subglobose, 7 mm. long, 9 mm. wide, 3–4-lobed, glabrous, ridged and wrinkled-reticulate in dry state.
    Figures
    Fig. 18/1–4.
    Habitat
    Coastal thicket, forest scrub, Brachystegia-Hymenaea woodland with very mixed dense undergrowth, also fixed sand-dunes; 5–450 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T8 grown in Mombasa gardensnow widely cultivated in the tropics and in greenhouses elsewhere
    [FWTA]

    Verbenaceae, H. Huber, F. N. Hepper & R. D. Meikle. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An erect, subherbaceous plant
    Flowers
    Very long-tubular flowers in rather few-flowered, dense terminal inflorescences.
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Type
    Type as for C. macrosiphon .
    Habit
    Suffrutex or a 2–5-stemmed shrub up to 1.6(2.5) m high; stems erect, straight, 2–3.5 mm thick at the base, terete, simple to few-branched, rarely much branched, shortly hairy, more sparsely so towards the base, with hairs patent, whitish to ferruginous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or 3-whorled; lamina 1.7–15.5(20) × 1.2–7.5(6.8) cm, sometimes unequal at the same node, longer than the internodes, elliptic to lanceolate, rarely obovate, acute to acuminate or tapering attenuate at the apex, sometimes nearly caudate, long attenuate-cuneate towards the base, tapering into a subpetiole, entire or usually coarsely and irregularly serrate-dentate to pinnatilobed with 1–7 teeth or lobes on each side, the teeth large, broadly triangular and acute to subobtuse, or small, short and acute in smaller leaves, the largest teeth or segments sometimes 1–2-dentate, the blade membranous, usually slightly discolorous, drying darker mainly above, shortly pubescent with scattered thin hairs above, more densely so beneath mainly on the nerves; petiole usually not distinct from the narrowly attenuate leaf base; short branchlets sometimes present with 1 to few pairs of small, entire or few-dentate leaves.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes in condensed 5–18-flowered inflorescences, terminal on stem and main lateral branches, sometimes also axillary below to the terminal inflorescence forming a racemose leafy inflorescence; peduncles up to 2 cm long; apparent pedicels 2.5–8 mm long; bracts and bracteoles 2–3 mm long, linear to spathulate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4.5–5 mm long, cupular, pubescent; lobes 1.5–2 mm long, narrowly triangular, acute.
    Buds
    Buds with globose limb.
    Corolla
    Corolla white; tube 5–11.25 cm long, with short gland-tipped hairs, corolla tubes borne erect and ± parallel in the same inflorescence; limb 2.5 × 2 cm, lobes 8–15 × 4.5–7 mm, oblong, glabrous or with sparse to dense gland-tipped hairs mainly when in bud.
    Stamen and Style
    Style purple and white, anthers purple, filaments crimson. Style and filaments exserted for 3–5 cm.
    Fruits
    Fruit depressed-globose, 7 × 9 mm, 3–4-lobed, glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Rotheca microphylla (Blume) Callm. & Phillipson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 22, 2013 Kirk, Dr. [s.n.], Tanzania K000607526 holotype
    Oct 22, 2013 Afzelius, K. [s.n.], Madagascar K000607527 holotype
    Dale, I. [3811], Kenya Clerodendrum dalei K000192876 isotype
    Apr 1, 1950 Hildebrandt, J.M. [3332], Madagascar Clerodendrum incisum K000192958 Unknown type material
    Ex Mhs. bot. Berol. [s.n.], Mozambique Clerodendrum incisum K000192940

    First published in Candollea 68: 317 (2013)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0