1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Mucuna Adans.
      1. Mucuna tapantiana N.Zamora & T.M.Moura

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica.

    [KBu]

    Zamora, N.A. & de Moura, T.M. 2014. Mucuna tapantiana (Fabaceae: Faboideae: Phaseoleae), a new species from Costa Rica. Kew Bulletin 69: 9490. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-014-9490-4

    Type
    Type: Costa Rica, Cartago, Parque Nacional Tapanti, bosque tropical lluviosopremontano, 1300 – 1700 m, 26 Oct. 1983, fl., fr., I. Chacón et al. 1546 (holotype CR!; isotypes: INB!, K!, MO!).
    Habit
    Liana; stems very sparsely hirsute when juvenile, glabrous when old; stipules c. 0.4 cm long, pubescent, deciduous
    Petiole
    Petioles 2.6 – 9 cm long, cylindrical, glabrous; pulvinulus 5 – 8 mm long, cylindrical, glabrous; rachis 1 – 2 cm long, glabrous; stipels absent; petiolules 5 – 6 mm long; terminal leaflet blade oblong, elliptic, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 7.5 – 15 × 3.2 – 5.5 cm, lateral leaflet blades ovate-oblong, asymmetrically-oblong or asymmetrically-ovate or ovate, 5.5 – 11 × 2.5 – 5 cm, all leaflets obtuse or rounded at the base, acuminate or cuspidate (acumen 10 – 16 mm) at the apex, with appressed hairs and very sparsely hirsute on both surfaces when juvenile, essentially glabrous on both surfaces when mature, glossy on upper surface when fresh, with 3 main ascending veins and conspicuous reticulate tertiary venation
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, pendent, pseudoracemose; peduncle 70 – 95 cm long, filiform; rachis 2.5 – 4 cm long, densely to sparsely appressed-sericeous, with 10 – 15 (– 20) flowers (1 – 3 at each node), the nodes spirally arranged, the internodes 2 – 4 mm long; bracts deciduous (not seen); pedicels 3.5 – 8.5 cm long, filiform, sparsely and minutely appressed-sericeous
    Corolla
    Corolla green or yellowish green; standard petal 2.7 – 4.1 × 1.7 – 2.0 cm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, glabrous, concave or boat-shaped, the margins involute, with a cordate base and an acute to obtuse, emarginate apex, the claw 7 – 12 mm long; wing petals 2.5 – 3.0 × 0.9 – 1.0 cm, narrowly oblong, base attenuate, apex rounded, margins ciliate at the base, the claw c. 10 mm long; keel petals 4 – 4.5 × 0.8 – 1.0 cm, narrowly oblong-sigmoid, base attenuate, apex falcate and obtuse, the claw c. 10 mm long Flowers 4 – 4.5 cm long; calyx green, campanulate, 10 – 14 × 12 mm, densely appressed-seríceous on the inner and outer surfaces; lobes 4, the adaxial (upper) one obtuse, formed by two connate sepals, the abaxial (lower) sepals 3, unequal, the longest one (4 –) 5 – 7 mm long, the two shorter ones 2 mm long, the apex acute or rounded
    Stamens
    Stamens, diadelphous (with 9 stamens fused and one free); filaments 3.6 cm long; anthers ovate to oblong, 2 – 3 mm long, basifixed
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium 4 – 4.5 cm long; ovary 8 – 9 mm long, sessile, oblong, densely yellowish-hispid, 2-ovulate; style 3.8 cm long, sparsely hirsute, glabrous near the apex; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong or ovate-oblique, 7 – 15 × 4.5 – 5 cm, base obtuse to very long-attenuate (up to 3 cm long) due to abortion of the proximal seed (when pod 1-seeded), apex acute or acuminate, constricted between the seeds (when pod 2-seeded), adaxial margin concave and undulate (or deeply undulate) at both ends (when pod 1-seeded) or deeply undulate-concave (when pod 2-seeded), abaxial margin concave and smooth (when pod 1-seeded) or shallow undulate-concave (when pod 2-seeded), somewhat laterally compressed but biconvex, smooth, densely and softly villous on outer surface, with no urticating trichomes, yellowish green or dark greenish brown when fresh turning dark brown or blackish when dry
    Seeds
    Seeds 1 – 2 per pod, 3.0 – 4.0 × 2.2 – 3.0 cm, oblong, laterally compressed, black
    Note
    Mucunatapantiana is diagnosed by its small, essentially glabrous, abruptly acuminate and trinerved leaflets; filiform peduncles 70 – 95 cm long; inflorescence rachis 2.5 – 4 cm long, with few [10 – 15 (– 20)] flowers; filiform pedicels 3.5 – 8.5 cm long; green or yellowish green flowers 4 – 4.5 cm long, with the wing petals shorter than the keel petals; fruits densely soft villous, dark brown on the outer surface (yellowish green, greenish or yellowish when fresh), lacking urticating trichomes, 1 – 2-seeded; and seeds oblong and laterally compressed. The epithet refers to the locality where the species was first collected and from where most collections come. Morphologically, Mucunatapantiana belongs to a small group of species within the neotropical members of the genus that have flowers with the wings petals shorter than the standard petals. Related species with this character are M. argyrophyllaStandl., M. holtonii (Kuntze) Moldenke, M. mollis (Kunth) DC. and M. monticola N. Zamora, T. M. Moura & A. M. G. Azevedo. However, M. argyrophylla, M. holtonii, and M. mollis all have leaflets with the abaxial surface densely pubescent (rather than glabrous or essentially glabrous in M. tapantiana), and M. monticola differs by its fruits with the surface conspicuously and irregularly lamellate or reticulate-ridged and with urticating hairs (rather than smooth and without urticating hairs in M. tapantiana).
    Distribution
    Mucunata pantiana is an endemic species to Costa Rica (Map 1).
    Ecology
    Mucunata pantiana has been collected at elevations of 1200 – 1700 m, mainly from Parque Nacional Tapantí, on the Caribbean slope of the northern Cordillera de Talamanca, in the upper basin of the Río Grande de Orosi, in rain forests near the Park headquarters. Only one collection is known from JardínBotánico José Maria Orozco of the Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, on the Pacific slope, where it appears to grow wild.
    Conservation
    Although Mucunatapantiana is known from Protected Areas, the species is endemic to Costa Rica, and is uncommon in the field. The Extent of Occurrence (EOO = 336.51 km2) and Area of Occupancy (AOO = 12 km2) according to IUCN (2001) criteria lead us to assess M. tapantiana as an endangered (EN) species.
    Phenology
    Flowering from August to October; fruiting from February to March.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica

    Mucuna tapantiana N.Zamora & T.M.Moura appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 69(1)-9490: 1 (2014)

    Accepted by

    • De Moura, T.M., Lewis, G.P., Mansano, V.F. & Tozzi, A.M.G.A. (2018). A revision of the neotropical Mucuna species (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) Phytotaxa 337: 1-65.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Moura, T. M., Zamora, N. A., Lewis G. P., Mansano, V. F. & Tozzi, A. M. G. A. (2013). Mucunaglobulifera (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae), a new species from Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia. Kew Bull. 68: 151 – 155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Moura, T. M., Zamora, N. A., Torke, B. M., Mansano, V. F. & Tozzi, A. M. G. A. (2012). A new species of Mucuna (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) from Costa Rica and Panama. Phytotaxa 60: 1 – 8.Google Scholar
    • Zamora, N. (2010). Fabaceae. In: B. E. Hammel, M. H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds), Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae--Gunneraceae). Pp. 395 – 775. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 119: 1 – 970.Google Scholar
    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red list Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.Google Scholar
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • De Moura, T.M., Lewis, G.P., Mansano, V.F. & Tozzi, A.M.G.A. (2018). A revision of the neotropical Mucuna species (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) Phytotaxa 337: 1-65.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0