1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum solapurense S.P.Gaikwad, Garad & Gore

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India (Maharashtra).

    [KBu]

    Gaikwad, S.P., Garad, K.U. & Gore, R.D. 2014. Crinum solapurense (Amaryllidaceae), a new species from Maharashtra, India. Kew Bulletin 69: 9505. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-014-9505-1

    Habit
    Basal plate woody, conical, 5 – 7 cm long; roots thick, c. 1 cm in diam. Bulbs conical or elongated, laterally compressed or globular-ellipsoid, 10 – 20 × 8 – 15 cm, white or pale pink, turning into deep pink when exposed to light; neck to 30 cm long, cylindrical along with 1 – 10 bulblets
    Leaves
    Leaves contemporary with flowers, radical, sturdy, 12 – 27, lanceolate, 40 – 85 × 5 – 7 cm, narrow towards apex, broad at base, deeply channelled, canaliculate or U-shaped; margins entire, minutely spinulate; leaf in cross section with chlorophyllous cells in rings around air channels and vascular bundles alternating with fibre bundles
    Scape
    Scapes arising laterally from bulbs, 50 – 95 cm long, compressed, green purple
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts 2, membranous, 6 – 8 × 4 – 5 cm, deltoid, scarious, faintly ribbed; bracteoles linear, 4 – 6 cm long, pale white
    Inflorescences
    Umbels 10 – 30-flowered
    Flowers
    Flowers radially symmetric, pedicellate; pedicel up to 1 cm long; perianth tube 9 – 14 cm long, bluntly-angled, straight at anthesis; perianth segments 6, lanceolate, 4 – 7.5 × 1.3 – 1.6 cm, shorter than perianth tube, recurved or sometimes spreading, white, pinkish at keel
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, erect at anthesis; filaments 4 – 5.5 cm long, shorter than perianth lobes, purple towards apex, white below; anthers deep purple, versatile, linear, up to 1.5 cm long; pollen yellow, ellipsoidal, echinulate
    Style
    Style up to 9 cm long, purple towards apex, white below; stigma entire
    Fruits
    Capsules 3 – 22 per infructscence, irregularly globose, 3 – 5 cm in diam., membranous, green when young, dark purple at maturity, beaked by the persistent perianth tube base of 7 – 9 cm long
    Seeds
    Seeds 3 – 12, irregular in shape and size, chlorophyllous
    Distribution
    Crinum solapurense is so far only known from the Bhima River between Machnur (17°33'58.8""N 75°33'36.3""E) and Kusur (17°31'02.4""N 75°38'52.7""E) villages in Solapur district of Maharashtra, India.
    Ecology
    The species grows in swampy margins of the Bhima River on black clay soil in association with CryptocoryneretrospiralisKunth. at an altitude of about 470 m.
    Phenology
    Flowering begins in second week of Sept.; fruiting Oct. – Dec.
    Note
    Crinum solapurense resembles C. viviparum var. viviparum and C. lorifolium but differs in having 1 – 10 bulblets on the mother bulb, sturdy and canaliculate 12 – 27 leaves, 10 – 30-flowered umbels, undivided stigma and 3 – 12-seeded fruits. The specific epithet solapurense refers to Solapur District of Maharashtra State from which the species was first collected. In its natural habitat, 1 – 10 bulblets are produced on the main or mother bulb. Each of these lateral offsets develops into separate individual by vertical splitting of the mother bulb. Thus, it leads to the formation of a clonal cluster of individuals. The number of individuals in a cluster varies from 5 – 20 depending upon the age of the colony. The plants propagated by vegetative means have conical or elongated and laterally compressed bulbs, whereas plants propagated through seeds have globular-ellipsoid bulbs. A population mainly propagates by vegetative means but seeds also contribute to the multiplication of the population. Seeds are water dispersed but most of the time water level recedes before fruit and seed setting. Hence, the seeds remain undispersed and form clusters of seedlings.

    Distribution

    Crinum solapurense S.P.Gaikwad, Garad & Gore appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 69(2)-9505: 1 (2014)

    Literature

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    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0