Skip to main content
  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Liparis Rich.
      1. Liparis vulturiceps Hermans & P.J.Cribb

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [KBu]

    Hermans, J. & Cribb, P. 2014. New species and new names in Malagasy orchids (Orchidaceae). Kew Bulletin 69: 9517. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-014-9517-x

    Habit
    Small terrestrial growing in leaf litter with a short rhizome; roots 2 – 3 mm in diam., woolly
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulbs 8 – 18 cm long, 5 – 7 mm in diam., caespitose, 2- to 3-leaved, largely covered by thin overlapping greenish-brown sheaths, 20 – 25 mm long
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green, leathery, ovate, 20 – 82 mm long, 15 – 40 mm wide, glossy, dark green with a short 5 – 10 mm petiole
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal from the centre of the leaves of the new growth, 50 – 65 mm long, with 2 – 6 flowers; peduncle ridged, 2 – 3 mm in diam., pale green, with a scale 8 mm long, 2 – 3 mm wide; rachis 3 – 5 cm long; floral bracts lanceolate 5 – 6 mm long, 2 – 2.5 mm wide
    Flowers
    Flowers 14 mm long, 9 mm wide, pale green becoming ochre with age, petals and column paler, main callus on lip dark green, the anther white, the dorsal sepal and petals folded against the back of the flower, the petals in a vertical plane with the lip; pedicel and ovary twisted, smooth, pale green, 13 – 16 mm long, 1 – 1.5 mm wide
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal linear, acuminate, 12 – 15 mm long, 2 – 2.5 mm wide; lateral sepals auriculate, the outer margin distinctly recurved, 10 – 13 mm long, 5.5 – 6 mm wide
    Corolla
    Petals linear, acuminate, 12 – 14 mm long, 1 – 1.2 mm wide, margins recurved
    Labellum
    Lip 3-lobed, pandurate, 11 – 13 mm long, 7 – 8 mm wide; lateral lobes rounded, small; mid-lobe flabellate, large with the anterior margin distinctly undulate; callus basal, large, 3-lobed, 3 – 5 mm long, its basal lobes rounded, erect, its mid-lobe clavate
    Column
    Column erect, incurved in apical half, wings expanded over the upper third becoming distinctly falcate at the tip, 4.5 mm long, 2.3 mm wide; anther oblanceolate, strongly ridged, 2 mm long, 0.7 mm wide; pollinia 2, pyriform, yellow, elongate, 0.9 mm long, 0.3 mm wide
    Ecology
    Found in eastern Madagascar, in degraded humid evergreen forest in leaf litter in dense shade.
    Conservation
    Data deficient but possibly threatened because of its limited range. It partly occurs in a protected area which should provide it with a degree of protection.
    Note
    Refers to the vulture-like appearance of the flower. The species was also observed and photographed by Jean-Michel Hervouet in Parc National de Ranomafana (Fianarantsoa Province). This new species is very different from any other Liparis; its strongly recurved petals and dorsal sepal, auriculate petals parallel with the lip, the shape and callus of its lip and its falcate column being quite distinct. The habit of the plant is somewhat similar to other bifoliate Madagascan Liparis, including L. listeroidesSchltr. and L. longicaulisRidl. but its pseudobulbs are generally shorter and the leaves thicker. The lip shows some similarity to those of L. ochraceaRidl., L. longicaulisRidl. and L. puncticulataRidl. but the plant, flower habit, lip calli and falcate column wings are all very different.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Other Data

    Liparis vulturiceps Hermans & P.J.Cribb appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 69(2)-9517: 4 (2014)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin

    • Clements, M. A. (2013). A new species of Jumellea (Orchidaceae) from Madagascar. Austral. Orchid Rev. 78: 30 – 31.Google Scholar
    • Bosser, J. & Lecoufle, M. (2011). Les orchidées de Madagascar. Biotope Editions, Mèze.Google Scholar
    • Hermans, J. & Cribb, P. J. (2007). Cynorkis from Madagascar. Orchid Rev. 115: 248 – 255.Google Scholar
    • Hermans, J., Hermans, C., Du Puy, D., Cribb, P. J. & Bosser, J. (2007). Orchids of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
    • Bosser, J. & Morat, P. (1969). Contribution a l'Étude des Orchidaceae de Madagascar 9. Les genres Grammangis et Eulophiella, Adansonia, sér. 2, 9: 299 – 309.Google Scholar
    • Perrier de la Bâthie, H. (1951). Orchidées de Madagascar et des Comores. Nouvelles observations. Notul. Syst. (Paris) 14, 2: 138 – 165.Google Scholar
    • Perrier de la Bâthie, H. (1939). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores 49e Famille — Orchidées 1. ImprimerieOfficielle, Tananarive.Google Scholar
    • Perrier de la Bâthie, H. (1934). Le genre Benthamia (Orchidées). Bull. Soc. Bot. France 81: 25 – 38.Google Scholar
    • Perrier de la Bâthie, H. (1931). (A revision of Cynorkis). Arch. Bot. Bull. Mens. 5. Probably unpublished.Google Scholar
    • Schlechter, R. (1924). Orchidaceae Perrieranae. Ein Beitrag zur Orchideenkunde der Insel Madagasacar. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33.Google Scholar
    • Schlechter, R. (1920). Die GattungEulophiella Rolfe. Orchis 14: 24 – 30.Google Scholar
    • Schlechter, R. (1916). OrchidaceaePerrierianae (Collectiosecunda). Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34: 294 – 341.Google Scholar
    • Schlechter, R. (1915). Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33 (2): 404.Google Scholar
    • Baron, R. (1901). Compendium des PlantesMalagaches. Rev. Madagascar 3: 714 – 725.Google Scholar
    • Hooker, J. (1897). Cynorkis grandiflora. Curtis’ Bot. Mag. 27: 123, t. 7564.Google Scholar
    • Rolfe, R. A. (1893). New orchids, decade 6. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1893: 169 – 173.Google Scholar
    • Durand, T. & Schinz, H. (1892). Conspectus Florae Africae 5. van der Weghe, Brussels.Google Scholar
    • Ridley, N. (1886). On Dr Fox’s collection of orchids from Madagascar, along with some obtained by the Rev. R. Baron from the same island. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 116 – 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Ridley, N. (1885). The Orchids of Madagascar. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 456 – 523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Ridley, N. (1883). Descriptions and notes on new and rare monocotyledonous plants from Madagascar, with one from Angola. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 329 – 338.Google Scholar
    • Moore, S. (1877). Order XCIV Orchideae. In: J. G. Gilbert (ed.), Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles. L. Reeve & Co., London.Google Scholar
    • Reichenbach, H. G. (1855). SymbolaeOrchidaceae. Bonplandia 3: 15 – 16.Google Scholar
    • Steudel, E. (1840). Nomenclator Botanicusedn. 2. J. G. Cottae, Stuttgart & Tübingen.Google Scholar
    • Lindley, J. (1835). Orchideae Tribe IV. Ophrydeae. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants. Ridgeways, London.Google Scholar
    • Richard, A. (1828). Monographie des Orchidées des Iles de France et Bourbon. Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris Extrait 4.Google Scholar
    • Lindley, J. (1824). SpiranthesafricanaLindl. Edwards’ Bot. Reg. 10: t. 823.Google Scholar
    • Thouars, A. du Petit (1822). Histoire particulière des plantes Orchidées recueilles sur les trois Iles Australes d’Afrique, de France, de Bourbon et de Madagascar. A. Bertrand, Treutel & Wurtz, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Swartz, O. (1788). Nova genera & species plantarum: seu Prodromus descriptionum vegetabilium, maximam partem incognitorum quae sub itinere in Indiam Occidentalem annis 1783 – 87. Bibliopoliis Acad. M. Swederi, Holmiae.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0