1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthosachne Steud.
      1. Anthosachne kingiana (Endl.) Govaerts

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Australia, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 35-70 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; truncate. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades 3-6 mm wide; mid-green. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 7-15 cm long; bearing 6-12 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis flattened; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; curved; laterally compressed; 10-22 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pilose; with 1-2 mm long hairs. Floret callus bearded.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; curved; laterally compressed; 10-22 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pilose; with 1-2 mm long hairs. Floret callus bearded.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-10 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-10 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 3-7 -veined. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-13 mm long; coriaceous; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-5 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 3-5 mm long; purple. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia and New Zealand.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Connor 1994.
    Diagnostic
    Callus beard in an incomplete ring.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria

    Anthosachne kingiana (Endl.) Govaerts appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cunningham, A. [260], New Zealand Elymus kingianus K000743626

    First published in J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 27: 23 (2014)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0