1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus longistipes (Burret) W.J.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak).

    [PW]
    General Description
    Slender clustering to moderate montane rattan climbing to 10 m, usually less, rarely flowering when ± stemless; stem without sheaths to 10 mm diam., with sheaths to 30 mm diam., internodes short, generally not exceeding c. 8 cm. Sheaths yellowish-green, covered with dark brown indumentum and very abundant black spines to 1-20 mm, in short lateral groups, the spines fragile and breaking off, leaving short stubs on old sheaths, spines around the sheath mouth erect and papery, to 6 cm; knee well developed. Leaf cirrate to 2.5 m long (much less in slender forms) including cirrus to 80 cm and petiole to 40 cm; petiole armed with horizontal spines to 1.5 cm; leaflets regularly arranged, to c. 45 on each side of the rachis, the longest to 35 × 2 cm, armed with scattered bristles or unarmed on the upper surface, armed with a row of bristles along the main vein beneath. Inflorescences arching, to 30 cm, with a peduncle 5-15 cm long; bracts closely tubular at first, splitting and falling at anthesis; male rachilla rusty tomentose to 1 cm, female similarly tomentose, to 8 cm. Mature fruit ovoid or depressed globose, to 13 × 15 mm, covered in 15-21 vertical rows of reflexed straw-coloured scales. Seed globose, c. 10 mm diam.; endosperm ruminate. Seedling leaf not known. (Fig. 15).
    Distribution
    Abundant in lower montane forest G. Pagon and Bt. Retak. Elsewhere in Sabah and Sarawak. Endemic to Borneo.
    [PW]
    Use
    Produces a strong cane; it is not known whether it is of any commercial significance.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus longistipes (Burret) W.J.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1997 Clemens [28351], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520587
    Apr 20, 1996 Yii, P.C. [55911], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520683
    Jun 6, 1994 Soibeh [615], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520680
    Aug 13, 1992 Awa [S50981], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520657
    Dec 17, 1991 Awa [S46693], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520686
    Mar 5, 1991 Dewol [SAN124113], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520675
    Aug 1, 1989 Awa [S50606], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520653
    Mar 26, 1989 Lee [S52572], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520672
    Feb 24, 1989 Lee [S52565], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520676
    Feb 1, 1989 Awa [S51087], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520656
    Aug 21, 1987 Amin [SAN65583], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520682
    Dec 8, 1985 Dransfield, J. [JD5363], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520664
    Aug 1, 1985 Awa [S50484], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520655
    Dec 8, 1983 Chew [RSNB4385], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520602
    Dec 8, 1983 Chew [RSNB4125a], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520685
    Dec 8, 1983 Chew [RSNB4722], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520688
    Dec 8, 1983 Clemens [50462], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520660
    Dec 8, 1983 Clemens [51314], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520654
    Dec 8, 1983 Clemens [31284], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520659
    Dec 8, 1983 Clemens [40939], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520667
    Dec 8, 1983 Clemens [50140], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520661
    Dec 8, 1983 Clemens [29191], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520666
    Dec 8, 1983 Lee [S38888], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520681
    Dec 8, 1983 Chai [S37284], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520662
    Dec 8, 1983 Cockburn [SAN83112], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520658
    Aug 13, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD6007], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520651
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB235], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520592
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB1543], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520596
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB235], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520593
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB1543], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520597
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB235], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520594
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB1543], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520598
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB235], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520595
    Feb 3, 1981 Chew [RSNB1543], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520599
    Feb 3, 1981 Clemens [29192], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520588
    Feb 3, 1981 Clemens [28560], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520590
    Feb 3, 1981 Clemens [29191a], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520589
    Feb 3, 1981 Clemens [28560], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520591
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5690], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520604
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5695], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520650
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5693], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520668
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5527], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520670
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5694], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520663
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5700], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520678
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5530], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520679
    Feb 3, 1981 Puasa [3937], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520603
    Feb 3, 1981 Tiong [SAN87400], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520665
    Jul 12, 1973 Chew [RSNB4391], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520687
    Clemens, J. [30830], Sabah Daemonorops longistipes K000207665 isotype
    Anderson [S4562], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520600
    Anderson [S4562], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520601
    Wong, K.M. [1914], Brunei Daemonorops longistipes K000520674
    Wong, K.M. [789], Brunei Daemonorops longistipes K000520671
    Wong, K.M. [1756], Brunei Daemonorops longistipes K000520673
    Yii, P.C. [56527], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520684
    Hoare, A. [245], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000114225
    Hoare, A. [111], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000114219
    Duaneh [136], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520652
    Duaneh [130], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520677
    Andau [81], Malaysia Daemonorops longistipes K000520669

    First published in Phytotaxa 197(2): 145 (2015)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0