1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus oxycoccus W.J.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Moderate clustering rattan climbing to 15 m; stem without sheaths to 20 mm diam., with sheaths to 30 mm diam., internodes rarely more than 10 cm long. Sheaths dull green but almost completelycovered in thick purplish-brown indumentum and sparse groups offlat papery, laciniate, hairy-margined dull brown spines to 2 cm, the groups often arranged in partial whorls; knee very conspicuous, narrow and swollen, but scarcely wrinkled; ocrea inconspicuous. Leaf cirrate to 3 m including cirrus to 1.2 m and petiole to 40 cm; petiole margins armed with a regular row of conspicuous long rigid golden-yellow spines to 7 cm; leaflets regularly arranged, c. 60 on each side of the rachis, 2-3 cm distant, the longest to 27 × 1.5 cm, rather limp, the upper surface with up to 5 rows of bristles, the margins bristly, but the lower surface with only the main vein bristly. Inflorescence pendulous, to 50 cm, with primary bracts dull brown tomentose, armed with papery spines, the whole bracts quickly falling at anthesis; partial inflorescences c. 6, rather lax, to 15 cm. Mature fruit ovoid, sometimes rather sharply pointed, to c. 1.5 × 1 cm, rarely more, covered in 16 vertical rows of pale brown to chestnut-brown, rather convex scales. Seed ovoid to oblong, to 12 × 7 mm; sarcotesta sweet; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf not known. (Fig. 13).
    Vernacular
    Uwai Bintango (Dus.), Wi Tedong (Ib.)
    Distribution
    Widespread throughout Brunei. Elsewhere in Sarawak, Sabah and W Kalimantan. Endemic to Borneo.
    [PW]
    Use
    The shoot and fruit are eaten; the cane is used for weaving baskets.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus oxycoccus W.J.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 21, 2000 Maung Soe Paing [BRUN15083], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000113134
    Jul 21, 2000 Salleh [BRUN15313], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000113138
    Jul 21, 2000 Joffre [BRUN15407], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000113152
    Jun 25, 1999 Jinuan, J. [73], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521040
    Aug 21, 1991 Lee [SAN96892], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520906
    Jul 20, 1990 Lee [S52332], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521043
    Aug 5, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD6027], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521035
    Apr 15, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5920], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521036
    Aug 12, 1980 Ashton, P. [S18077], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521037
    Jul 10, 1980 Sundaling [SAN97043], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520910
    Jul 10, 1980 Bidin [84715], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520904
    Oct 16, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5766], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521038
    Sep 6, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5607], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520903
    Sep 28, 1978 Chai [S39710], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521031
    Jul 7, 1976 Paie [S37178], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520901
    May 15, 1975 Meijer [58518], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520896
    May 15, 1975 Meijer [SAN28378], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520909
    May 15, 1975 Meijer [58516], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520907
    May 15, 1975 Meijer [SAN28368], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521045
    May 15, 1975 Meijer [58518], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520897
    May 15, 1975 Meijer [58518], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520898
    May 15, 1975 Meijer [58518], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520905
    Moore, H.E. [9088], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521034
    Moore, H.E. [9174], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521032
    Wong, K.M. [1418], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521042
    Wong, K.M. [81], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521044
    Lobb [110], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520899
    Lobb [110], Malaysia Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520900
    Baker, W.J. [523], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000114475
    Beccari, O. [250], Sarawak Daemonorops oxycarpa K000207693 isotype
    Beccari, O. [250], Sarawak Daemonorops oxycarpa K000207692 isotype
    Beccari, O. [250], Sarawak Daemonorops oxycarpa K000207691 isotype
    Frohlich, J. [JF B6], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521039
    Stockdale, M. [9], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000521041
    Bernstein, J. [65], Brunei Daemonorops oxycarpa K000520908

    First published in Phytotaxa 197(2): 147 (2015)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0