1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus sabut (Becc.) W.J.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to W. Malesia.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Widespread throughout Brunei. Elsewhere throughout Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia.
    General Description
    Clustering moderate-sized rattan climbing to 40 m; stem without sheaths c. 15 mm diam., with sheaths to 30 mm diam., internodes to 15 cm long. Sheaths bright green, bearing complete and partial collars to 10 mm, tipped with black and brown horse-hair-like spines, 1-6 cm long, the longesttending to be paler in colour and all bearing abundant dark grey, caducous indumentum, at least some of the collars interlocking to produce ant galleries; knee conspicuous, usually less heavily armed than the sheath. Leaf cirrate, to 2.5 m long including the petiole to 40 cm and the cirrus to 1 m; petiole armed near the base with low collars bearing black spines, distally with scattered or grouped triangular spines; leaflets very variable in arrangement, to c. 20 on each side of the rachis, rarely subregular, usually grouped in 3’s to 6’s, the basal 2 groups being congested and the leaflets pointing in several directions, the longest usually the most basal, to 40 × 2.5 cm, unarmed except for short marginal bristles. Inflorescences pendulous, to 60 cm long, primary bracts densely armed with fine black spines, all except the prophyll quickly falling at anthesis, other bracts inconspicuous. Mature fruit ovoid, very shortly beaked, c. 16 × 12 mm, rarely spherical, covered with 14-17 vertical rows of yellowish-brown scales. Seed c. 12 × 9 mm; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf with divergent leaflets. (Fig. 23, Pl. 4B).
    Vernacular
    Wi Lepoh (Ib.)

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Sumatera

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya, Thailand

    Calamus sabut (Becc.) W.J.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW39], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000209397
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW19], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000209416
    Mar 9, 2004 Ching, Y.P. [S.61301], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525410
    Sep 15, 2000 Mogea, J.P. [7396], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000114250
    Aug 17, 2000 Yii, P.C. [56505], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000113680
    May 6, 1998 Bartlett [8101], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525346
    Feb 20, 1997 Church [2078], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525404
    Jun 1, 1994 Tadong [478], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525390
    May 26, 1994 Van Valkenburg [1051], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525395
    Apr 20, 1994 Ambri [AA489], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525396
    Dec 15, 1993 Sibil [163], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525357
    Dec 15, 1993 Tadong [292], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525353
    Oct 27, 1993 Ambriansyah [AA304], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525376
    May 6, 1992 Van Valkenburg [1000], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525374
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS136], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525355
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS74], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525381
    Jul 14, 1990 Wong, K.M. [637], Brunei Daemonorops sabut K000525414
    Feb 22, 1989 Yii, P.C. [S52276], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525368
    Feb 6, 1989 Meijer [SAN19353], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525350
    Feb 6, 1989 Cuadra [A2378], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525370
    Feb 6, 1989 Cuadra [A249], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525348
    Feb 1, 1989 Awa [S51048], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525373
    Dec 19, 1985 Anggana [IDRC040], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525384
    Apr 15, 1985 Lee [S50025], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525394
    Dec 6, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [3770], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525386
    Dec 8, 1983 Mogea, J.P. [B1597], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525351
    Dec 8, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD4356], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525411
    Dec 8, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD2176], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525366
    Dec 8, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD4714], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525364
    Dec 8, 1983 de Vogel, E. [1960], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525349
    Dec 8, 1983 Chai, P. [S37285], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525352
    Dec 8, 1983 Paie [S36363], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525365
    Dec 8, 1983 Enggoh [7347], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525358
    Aug 10, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD6015], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525369
    Sep 15, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [1885], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525378
    Jul 11, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5826], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525354
    Jul 11, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5592], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525347
    Jul 11, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5575], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525362
    Jul 11, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5729], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525359
    Jul 11, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5602], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525380
    Jul 11, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5512], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525382
    Jul 11, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5804], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525412
    Jul 11, 1980 Abas [SAN85870], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525356
    Jul 11, 1980 Abas [SAN85865], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525363
    Jul 11, 1980 Abas [SAN85982], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525360
    Jul 11, 1980 Abas [SAN85867], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525385
    Jul 11, 1980 Tiong [SAN89055], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525361
    Jun 17, 1976 Dransfield, J. [JD4633], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525383
    May 14, 1975 Ashton, P.S. [S19616], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525379
    Mar 4, 1975 Kerr, A.F.G. [19065], Thailand Daemonorops sabut K000526485
    Coode, M. [7037], Brunei Daemonorops sabut K000525371
    Johns, R.J. [7600], Brunei Daemonorops sabut K000525413
    Mogea, J.P. [7424], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000114247
    Wong, K.M. [66], Brunei Daemonorops sabut K000525367
    Lee, B. [S54718], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525398
    Burbidge, F.W. [s.n.], Borneo Daemonorops sabut K000208162 holotype
    Burbidge, F.W. [s.n.], Borneo Daemonorops sabut K000208163 holotype
    Hoare, A. [213], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000114233
    Hoare, A. [164], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000114235
    Hoare, A. [58], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000114234
    Lai, S.T. [75396], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000030625
    Christensen [1426], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525406
    Christensen [182], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525405
    Sidkan, A. [MB 140], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000208223
    Van Valkenburg [1290], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525397
    Soibeh [686], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525407
    Awmack, C. [350], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525377
    Sambuling [91], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525387
    Sambuling [79], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525389
    Sambuling [107], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525393
    Sambuling [104], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525392
    Sambuling [248], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525399
    Sambuling [240], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525402
    Sambuling [232], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525403
    Sambuling [84], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525400
    Tadong [92], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525372
    Tadong [157], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525401
    Bakia [240], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525388
    Andau [84], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525375
    Bunker, W. [OX60], Malaysia Daemonorops sabut K000525408
    Leighton, M. [1117] Daemonorops sabut K000525409
    Trichon, V. [VT804], Indonesia Daemonorops sabut K000525391

    First published in Phytotaxa 197(2): 148 (2015)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0