1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus scapigerus (Becc.) W.J.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia (Johor), Borneo (incl. Kep. Natuna), Sumatera.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Solitary, stemless or erect rattan with stem rarely more than 2 m tall, sometimes ± creeping; stem without sheaths to 20 mm diam., with sheaths to 40 mm diam., internodes very short, rarely exceeding 1 cm. Sheath dull green, covered in brown hairs and armed with brownish spines, solitary or arranged in horizontal or oblique groups, the longest c. 30 mm, except near the sheath mouth where much longer; knee absent. Leaf ecirrate, to 2 m, often less; petiole to 50 cm long, armed with regular, very conspicuous, lateral, slightly upward-pointing spines to 9 cm, 2-4 cm distant, smaller spines sometimes paired with the larger; leaflets about 30-50 on each side of the rachis, very regular, close, slightly curved, the longest to 35 × 2.5 cm, usually less, bristly along the margins and mid nerve on upper surface, densely bristly on all nerves on lower surface, especially the mid nerve where bristles smaller and more frequent. Inflorescences usually with a long, slender, eventually pendulous peduncle to 30 cm, unarmed or armed with short regular spines along the margins; bracts crowded at the peduncle tip, about 5 in number, the largest c. 10 × 2 cm, papery, unarmed or more usually armed with shaggy hairy soft pale brown spines to 1 cm long; partial inflorescences short; flowers unusually large, to 5 × 2 mm. Mature fruit rounded, relatively very large, up to 30 mm diam., briefly beaked, covered in 13-15 vertical rows of strawcoloured scales, marked with purplish-black at the tip or purplish-black throughout. Sarcotesta thick, sweet; seed rounded, c. 15 mm diam., deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf with 4-6 leaflets. (Fig. 20, Pl. 4D).
    Distribution
    Known from a single collection. Also in Sarawak, Johor and Natuna Islands in the South China Sea.
    Vernacular
    Wi Empunok Ruai (Ib.)
    [PW]
    Use
    The fruit is good to eat; stems may be used for walking-sticks.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya, Sumatera

    Calamus scapigerus (Becc.) W.J.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 17, 2000 Othman [62297], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000113677
    Feb 22, 1989 Yii, P.C. [S46012], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520920
    Jan 25, 1984 Paie [S42595], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520918
    Jul 22, 1983 Mogea, J.P. [2954], Indonesia Daemonorops scapigera K000520913
    Aug 9, 1982 Moore, H.E. [9094], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520912
    Aug 9, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD6004], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520915
    Aug 9, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD4658], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520924
    Aug 9, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD6003], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520916
    Aug 9, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD4624], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520919
    Aug 9, 1982 Lobb [s.n.], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000525416
    Aug 9, 1982 Lobb [s.n.], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000525417
    Aug 9, 1982 Lobb [s.n.], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000525418
    Aug 9, 1982 illegible [11826], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000525415
    Aug 9, 1982 Martin, P.J. [S36873], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520923
    Aug 9, 1982 Martin, P.J. [S.36973], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520911
    May 15, 1980 Clemens, M.S. [6959], Sarawak Daemonorops scapigera K000207690 isotype
    May 16, 1975 unknown [s.n.] Daemonorops scapigera K000525420
    May 16, 1975 Hewitt [s.n.], Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000520917
    Clemens, M.S. [6959], Sarawak Daemonorops scapigera K000207689 isotype
    Corner, E.J.H. [29482A], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000207639 isotype
    Corner, E.J.H. [29482A], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000207638 isotype
    Corner, E.J.H. [29482A], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops scapigera K000207637 isotype
    Dransfield, J. [6595], Brunei Daemonorops scapigera K000113899
    Awmack, C. [167], Indonesia Daemonorops scapigera K000520921
    Awmack, C. [243], Indonesia Daemonorops scapigera K000521030
    Awmack, C. [347], Indonesia Daemonorops scapigera K000525751
    Awmack, C. [46], Indonesia Daemonorops scapigera K000520914
    Awmack, C. [249], Indonesia Daemonorops scapigera K000520922
    Skeffington [MSS32], Indonesia Daemonorops scapigera K000525419

    First published in Phytotaxa 197(2): 148 (2015)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0