1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus sparsiflorus (Becc.) W.J.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Slender to moderately robust clustering rattan with stems to 20 m, frequently flowering when much less; stem without sheaths 8-18 mm diam., with sheaths to 27 mm diam., internodes to c. 20 cm long. Sheaths dull to bright green, armed with scattered rather broad-based, triangular yellowish-brown or green spines, rarely exceeding 15 mm, and brown indumentum; knee conspicuous. Leaf cirrate to c. 2 m including petiole to 20 cm and cirrus to 80 cm; leaflets c. 50 on each side of the rachis, stiff, to 25 × 1 cm, usually very close and regular, parallel-sided, abruptly and neatly narrowed at the base and acuminate in drip-tips to 2 cm long, upper surface with main rib bristly and a row of bristles on each side, margins bristly, lower leaflet surface sparsely to densely covered with minute brown scales and only mid rib bristly. Inflorescences bright reddish-brown at anthesis, arching away from the stem to 40 cm only, primary bracts soon falling, other bracts very inconspicuous; flowers borne on distinct short stalks; first order branches c. 6, each to c. 12 cm, crowded, covered with brown indumentum. Mature fruit rounded (immature occasionally ovoid), rarely exceeding 1 cm diam., covered in 14-16 vertical rows of dull brown scales. Seed ± rounded, c. 6 mm diam.; sarcotesta sweet, thin; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf pinnate with c. 6 leaflets on each side of the rachis, very neatly and stiffly held. (Fig. 25, Pl. 5B).
    Distribution
    Throughout Brunei. Elsewhere a few records from Kalimantan, abundant in Sabah and Sarawak. Endemic to Borneo.
    [PW]
    Use
    Of moderate quality, the cane shrinking somewhat on drying.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus sparsiflorus (Becc.) W.J.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 16, 2002 Othman [57782], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000114443
    Jul 21, 2000 Said [BRUN17324], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113125
    Jul 21, 2000 Maung Soe Paing [BRUN15200], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113140
    Oct 1, 1997 Sambuling [687], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113953
    Oct 1, 1997 PEK [4], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113952
    Sep 12, 1997 Lugas [1679], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113916
    Apr 20, 1996 Kandau [59398], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113917
    Nov 15, 1993 Soibeh [346], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113898
    Nov 15, 1993 Soibeh [206], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113928
    Oct 23, 1992 Lee [52569], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113922
    Jul 25, 1991 Yii, P.C. [44662], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113923
    Dec 7, 1990 Cuadra [A2257], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113925
    Oct 5, 1990 Sundaling [SAN124607], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113920
    Sep 14, 1990 Wong, K.M. [WKM1621], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113924
    Sep 4, 1990 Wong, K.M. [1420], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113951
    Jul 14, 1990 Wong, K.M. [54], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113949
    Jul 14, 1990 Wong, K.M. [69], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113950
    Jul 2, 1990 Wong, K.M. [832], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113892
    May 4, 1990 Sundaling [SAN97024], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113893
    Mar 23, 1990 Dransfield, J. [6656], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113890
    May 11, 1989 Ridley [11024], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113933
    Feb 11, 1987 Sundaling [SAN97697], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113895
    Sep 2, 1985 Krispinus [SAN94813], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113905
    Sep 20, 1983 Aban [SAN94022], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113910
    Aug 26, 1983 Hansen [790], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113907
    Apr 7, 1981 Yii, P.C. [40147], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113913
    Jul 10, 1980 Abas [SAN85875], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113914
    Apr 10, 1980 Abas [SAN85873], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113906
    Apr 10, 1980 Abas [SAN86026], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520950
    Apr 10, 1980 Abas [SAN85980], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113891
    Jan 1, 1980 Chew, W.L. [24], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520943
    Jan 1, 1980 Chew, W.L. [24], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520944
    Apr 30, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5511], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113908
    Aug 17, 1978 Chai, P. [S39661], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113909
    Jul 31, 1978 Anthony [741], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113932
    Mar 10, 1976 Keith [4325], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113897
    Jun 19, 1975 Clemens, J. [20709], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520937
    Jun 19, 1975 Chai, P. [18955], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113894
    May 16, 1975 Kudi [23761], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113904
    May 15, 1975 Ashton, P.S. [S22087], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520964
    May 15, 1975 Clemens, M.S. [11202], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520938
    May 15, 1975 Moore, H.E. [9205], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113902
    May 15, 1975 Wright [27157], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113912
    May 15, 1975 Elmer, A.D.E. [20777], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520939
    May 15, 1975 Banyeng [24473], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113903
    May 15, 1975 Haron [21308], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113900
    May 15, 1975 Luang [S22114], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520940
    May 15, 1975 Luang [S22114], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520941
    May 15, 1975 Luang [S22114], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520942
    May 15, 1975 Tiggi [3319], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113948
    Jan 29, 1975 Keith [5971], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113901
    Clemens, J. [26888], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520945
    Clemens, J. [27012], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520946
    Clemens, J. [22089], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520949
    Clemens [27216], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113919
    Dransfield, J. [JD5507], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113896
    Baker, W.J. [543], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113915
    Chai, P. [37282], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113911
    Hoare, A. [246], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000114232
    Hose [703], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520935
    Hose [703], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520936
    Awa [50607], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113930
    Christensen [496], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113943
    Christensen [495], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113944
    Said [BRUN15649], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113119
    Fuchs, H.P. [21157], Brunei Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520934
    Hewitt [15], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520947
    Hewitt [2] Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520948
    Fedilis [SAN91431], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520963
    Andersen, J. [159], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000114095
    Duaneh [121], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113921
    Stockdale, M.C. [MCS281], Indonesia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113927
    Stockdale, M.C. [MCS457], Indonesia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113929
    Stockdale, M.C. [MCS437], Indonesia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113947
    Sambuling [170], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520953
    Sambuling [134], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520954
    Sambuling [231], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520955
    Sambuling [247], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520956
    Sambuling [221], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520962
    Sambuling [414], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520960
    Sambuling [580], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520959
    Sambuling [203], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520958
    Sambuling [158], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520957
    Sambuling [41], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113935
    Sambuling [51], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113936
    Sambuling [57], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113937
    Sambuling [71], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113938
    Sambuling [67], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113939
    Sambuling [78], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113940
    Sambuling [238], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113942
    Tadong [93], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113926
    Tadong [504], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113941
    Andau [83], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520961
    Lugas [1678], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113945
    KPD Markiras Rattan Corp [C], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520952
    Bidin [SAN84722], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000520951
    Giking [17], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113934
    Stockdale, M. [336], Indonesia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113946
    Bunker, W. [72], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000113918
    Lobb, T. [s.n.], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000207684 holotype
    Lobb, T. [s.n.], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000207685 holotype
    Lobb, T. [s.n.], Malaysia Daemonorops sparsiflora K000207686 holotype

    First published in Phytotaxa 197(2): 149 (2015)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0