1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus ursinus (Becc.) W.J.Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia to Borneo.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Solitary, short-stemmed, erect rattan, rarely taller than 4 m; stem without sheaths to 10 mm diam., with sheaths to 20 mm diarn,, internodes 5-10 cm. Sheaths densely covered in fine long black spines to 3 cni, sometimes with straw-coloured tips, mostly in horizontal groups with joined bases, some spines much smaller, bristle-like, and abundant pale brown hairs, the sheaths ending in 2 long, slender, tapering, erect ear-like processes (auricles), one on each side of the petiole, to 35 long, 1 cm wide at the base (usually less), ± convex, armed with scattered and grouped spines, the inner surface unarmed. Leaf to 1.2 m, ecirrate; petiole to c. 30 cm, c. 0.5 cm wide at the base, armed with pale reflexed grapnel spines and scattered black spicules and abundant indumentum, later becoming minutely roughened; rachis neatly curved, armed as the petiole; leaflets up to c. 100 on each side of the rachis, very regularly and closely arranged, c. 15 x 0,6 cm, limp, soft, each with a bunch of fine bristles at the base on the undersurface, and abundant soft bristles on both surfaces, the margins with long bristles interlocking with those of the next leaflet; young leaves tinged pink. Inflorescences small and inconspicuous, borne on the leaf sheaths, held erect between the auricles of the subtending leaf, rarely more than 16 cm long, closely adpressed to the sheaths; peduncle very short or absent, the entire inflorescence enclosed within the unarmed or bristly prophyll, splitting along its length to expose the flowers, other bracts very small. Mature fruit ± barrel-shaped, c. 17 x 14 mm, beaked, covered in 16-17 vertical rows of dull red-brown, thin, scarcely channelled scales. Seed 8x6x4 mm; sarcotesta sweet and juicy. Seedling leaf pinnate with c. 6 hairy leaflets on each side (Fig. 96).
    Distribution
    A rare palm restricted to the 1st and 2nd Divisions; elsewhere known from one collection from Pahang in Peninsular Malaysia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya

    Calamus ursinus (Becc.) W.J.Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 4, 1996 Baker, W.J. [517], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521151
    Apr 6, 1993 Coode, M. [7093], Brunei Pogonotium ursinum K000521154
    Feb 22, 1989 Hock [S54125], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521157
    May 20, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD6098], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521158
    May 20, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD6099], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521160
    Apr 9, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5877], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521156
    Feb 13, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD4736], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521162
    Feb 13, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD4927], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521159
    Feb 13, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD4666], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521161
    Feb 13, 1979 Dransfield, J. [J.D.4926], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000521153
    Dransfield [4927], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum 41339.000
    Dransfield, J. [5877], Indonesia Pogonotium ursinum 59882.000
    Saw Leng Guan [FRI44659], Malaysia Pogonotium ursinum K000208198
    Witono, J. [149], Indonesia Pogonotium ursinum K000521145

    First published in Phytotaxa 197(2): 151 (2015)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0