1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Barleria L.
      1. Barleria fissimuroides I.Darbysh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Zimbabwe to W. Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Diagnostic
    sp. nov. Resembles B. ventricosa and allies in sect. Fissimura but differs in having a 4-seeded (not 2-seeded) capsule, a linear (not clavate or subcapitate) stigma and a corolla with a cylindrical tube and a limb in the 2+3 arrangement (not funnel-shaped with limb in a 4+1 arrangement).
    Habit
    Shrub to 100 cm tall, drying blackish throughout; stems with long spreading and ascending pale buff-coloured hairs with a ± conspicuously bulbous base, opposite furrows with two lines of short appressed multicellular hairs with dark cell walls.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate, 8–11 × 3–4.7 cm, base cuneate or obliquely so, apex attenuate into a narrow tip, surfaces with long pale hairs evenly distributed above, mainly on veins beneath; lateral veins 6–7 pairs; petiole 12–32 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary but clustered in upper portion of branches to form a loose terminal thyrse, each cyme 2 to several-flowered, partially dichasial; bracts foliaceous, gradually reducing upwards; primary peduncle to 2.5 mm long; bracteole pairs somewhat unequal, narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, 9–18 × 2–4 mm, base attenuate from a curved stalk, margin entire, apex acute; pedicels to 2 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx somewhat accrescent; anterior lobe elliptic(-obovate), 11–12.5 × 6–8 mm in flower, to 17.5 mm long in fruit, base acute, margin entire, apex truncate to rounded in outline with 2 apiculate teeth, surface with long pale ascending hairs, those on margin with swollen base in fruit, also with minute crisped hairs towards base; posterior lobe ovate-elliptic, 13–16.5 × 6.5–8 mm in flower to 21 mm long in fruit, apex acute-apiculate; lateral lobes lanceolate, 6–7 mm long in flower.
    Corolla
    Corolla 32–37 mm long, blue, pubescent externally with mixed eglandular and glandular hairs; tube subcylindrical, c.23 mm long, curved towards base; limb in 2+3 arrangement; abaxial lobe c.13 × 11 mm; lateral lobes 14–15 × 11–12 mm; adaxial lobes c.12 × 8.5 mm.
    Stamens
    Stamens attached 13 mm from base of corolla tube; filaments c.18 mm long; anthers 2.4–2.7 mm long; lateral staminodes 2.5–3.2 mm long, pubescent, antherodes 0.9–1.3 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary with few long pale hairs in 2 opposite lines; style glabrous; stigma linear, 0.9–1.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Immature capsule 18 mm long, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Only immature seeds seen.
    Distribution
    Not known elsewhere.
    Ecology
    Mountain slopes with grass and small trees; 1100–1550 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Endemic to the Vumba area along the Zimbabwe/Mozambique border and known from only two collections. Clearly rare and highly localised, its scarcity suggests it is likely to be threatened by even small-scale disturbance; probably Vulnerable.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Barleria fissimuroides I.Darbysh. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Zambes. 8(6): 62 (2015)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0