1. Family: Gesneriaceae Dumort.
    1. Genus: Microchirita (C.B.Clarke) Yin Z.Wang
      1. Microchirita hemratii C.Puglisi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Thailand.


    Puglisi C., Middleton DJ., Suddee S. 2016. Four new species of Microchirita (Gesneriaceae) from Thailand. Kew Bulletin 71: 2. DOI 10.1007/S12225-016-9614-0

    Thailand, Tak, Mae Sot distr., Wat Tham Inthanin, D. J. Middleton, C. Hemrat, P. Karaket, C. Puglisi & S. Suddee 5775 (holotype BKF; isotypes E, SING).
    Herb to 50 cm tall.
    Stems fleshy, dark red or green at base, otherwise pale green, glabrous or sparsely hairy.
    Leaves opposite, with the exception of the single basal leaf, fleshy (very thin when dry); petioles 0.2 - 1.5 cm long, glabrous; blades pale green above, paler be­neath, lanceolate, 3.75 - 14 x 2.6 - 8.5 cm, 1.3 - 1.7 times as long as wide, sparsely and minutely tomentose above and beneath, above with additional scattered eglandular hairs, base obtuse to cordate, apex acute to acuminate, margin entire to obscurely serrulate, 3 - 8 pairs of secondary veins in the opposite leaves, 7 - 13 in the basal leaf, venation raised beneath in fresh material, tertiary venation almost invisible.
    Inflorescence epiphyllous, 1 - 8-flowered, forming a crest where the young flowers develop flush to the midrib and then progressively curve upwards and backwards towards the stem; peduncles fused with the petiole; pedicels green, 0.5 - 1.3 cm long, sparsely hairy.
    Calyx green, actinomorphic, tube 0.2 - 0.5 mm long, lobes lanceolate, 3 - 9 x 0.5 - 1 mm, inconsistently with some serration towards the apex, apex acute, outside sparsely eglandular hairy at base, hairier distally, inside with an indumentum of sparse sessile glands.
    Corolla 1 - 1.5 cm long, tube with a narrow basal portion, greenish white, 5 - 6 mm long, c. 1 mm diam., curved downwards, glabrous, then broadening into a funnel-shaped distal portion, white, pubescent outside, inside glabrous, with a yellowstripe ventrally, lobes pale lilac, the upper densely covered in stalked glands, the lower central lobe sparsely so, the lower lateral lobes glabrous; tube length 0.9 – 1.2 cm dorsally, 1 - 1.1 cm ventrally, 0.85 - 0.9 cm laterally between lips, upper lobes broadly elliptic, 2.5 - 3 x4 - 4.7mm, lower lateral lobes elliptic, 2 – 4 x 4 – 5 mm, lower central lobe rounded, 3 – 4 x 4- 5mm.Stamens arising 4 - 6.5 mm above the corolla tube base, filaments glabrous, 3 - 3.5 mm long, straight, anthers with a dense indumentum of long hairs dorsally, c. 1 x 0.7 - 0.8 mm, apically joined by a connective, thecae divergent; lateral staminodes c. 2 mm long, arising 3 - 5 mm above the tube base, central staminode c. 1 mm long, arising c. 4 mm above tube base.
    Disk absent.
    Pistil 0.8 - 1.2 cm long; ovary fusiform, 3 - 5 mm long, papillose, with pubescence restricted to the apex; style 5 - 6mmlong, apically curved, hairy; stigma with lobes c. 0.5 mm long, c. 0.8 mm wide, narrowly elliptic, glabrous.
    Fruit green, 2 - 6 cm long, 0.9 - 1.1 mm diam., glabrous at base, sparsely hairy distally, straight or curved.
    Seeds light brown with reddish apices, elliptic, 0.5 - 0.6 x 0.2 - 0.3 mm.
    Thailand: Tak
    Lithophyte on limestone in mixed deciduous forest.
    Endangered [EN B1ab(iii,iv)+B2ab(iii,iv)]. The known EOO of this species would qualify it for Critically Endangered but the collecting localities are in a limestone range much of which has so far not been explored and where it is also likely to occur. Even if it were to occur throughout this range its EOO would still qualify it as Endangered. Parts of this range, including some of the known localities, are outside protected areas and subject to disturbance from visitors, particularly at the religious sites.
    The species is named in honour of Chandee Hemrat, one of the collectors of the types of all of the new species. See notes under Microchirita lilacina. Similar to Microchirita suddeei D. J. Middleton & Triboun (2013:18),M. lilacina and M. albiflora Middleton & Triboun (2013: 19), but is characterised by the combination of open corolla mouth (unlike M. suddeei and M. albiflora), ventral yellow stripe (unlike M. suddeei) and hairy anthers (unlike M. albiflora and M. lilacina).


    Native to:


    Microchirita hemratii C.Puglisi appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 71(1)-2: 4 (2016)


    Kew Bulletin
    • Thiers, B. (continuously updated). Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden's Virtual Herbarium. Available from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/(accessed 29 January 2015).
    • Middleton, D. J., Atkins, H., Truong, L. H., Nishii, K. & Moller, M. (2014). Billolivia, a new genus of Gesneriaceae from Vietnam with five new species. Phytotaxa 161: 241 - 269.
    • Moller, M., Chen, W. H., Shui, Y. M., Atkins, H. & Middleton, D. J. (2014). A new genus of Gesneriaceae in China and the transfer of Briggsia species to other genera. Gard. Bull. Singapore 66: 195 - 205
    • Nangngam, P. & Middleton, D. J. (2014). Five new species of Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae) from Thai­land. Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 42: 35 - 42.
    • Middleton, D. J. & Triboun, P.(2013). New species of Microchirita (Gesneriaceae) from Thailand. Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 41: 13 - 22.
    • Weber, A. , Clark, J. L. & Moller, M. (2013). A new formal classification of Gesneriaceae. Selbyana 31: 68 - 94.
    • IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 3.1, Second edition. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.
    • Middleton, D. J. & Moller, M. (2012). Tribounia, a new genus of Gesneriaceae from Thailand. Taxon 61: 1286 - 1295.
    • Middleton, D. J.  & Triboun, P. (2012). Somrania, a new genus of Gesneriaceae from Thailand. Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 40: 9 - 13.
    • Triboun, P. & Middleton, D. J. (2012). Twenty new species of Paraboea (Gesneriaceae). Gard. Bull. Singapore 64: 333 - 370.
    • Moller, M., Middleton, D. J., Nishii, K., Wei, Y. G., Sontag, S. & Weber, A. (2011). A new delineation for Oreocharis incorporating an additional ten genera of Chinese Gesneriaceae. Phytotaxa 32: 1 - 36.
    • Puglisi, C., Middleton, D. J., Triboun, P. & Moller, M. (2011). New insights into the relationships between Paraboea, Trisepalum and Phylloboea (Gesneriaceae) and their taxonomic consequences. Taxon 60: 1693 - 1702.
    • Wang, Y.-Z., Mao, R.-B., Liu, Y., Li, J.-M., Dong, Y., Li, Z.-Y. & Smith, J. (2011). Phylogenetic reconstruc­tion of Chirita and allies (Gesneriaceae) with taxonomic treatments. J. Syst. Evol. 49: 50 - 64.
    • Weber, A. , Middleton, D. J., Forrest, A., Kiew, R., Lim, C. L., Rafidah, A., Triboun, P., Wei, Y. G., Yao, T. L., Sontag, S. & Moller, M. (2011a). Molecular system- atics and remodelling of Chirita and associated genera (Gesneriaceae). Taxon
    • Weber, A. , Wei, Y. G., Puglisi, C., Mayer, V. & Moller, M. (2011b). A new definition of the genus Petrocodon (Gesneriaceae). Phytotaxa 23: 49 - 67.
    • Wei, Y. G., Fang, W., Chen, W. H., Shui, Y. M. & Moller, M. (2010). Litostigma, a new genus from China: A morphological link between basal and derived didymocarpoid Gesneriaceae. Edinburgh J. Bot. 67: 161 - 184.
    • Xu, Z., Burtt, B. L., Skog, L. E. & Middleton, D. J. (2008). A revision of Paraboea (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 65: 161 - 347.
    • Weber, A. (1975). The cristate inflorescence of Chirita sect. Microchirita (Gesneriaceae). Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 34: 221 - 230.
    • Wood, D. (1974). A revision of Chirita (Gesneriaceae). Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 123 - 205.
    • Craib, W. G. (1918). Contributions to the flora of Siam. Additamentum X. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1918: 362 - 371.
    • Hance, H. F. (1883). New Chinese Cyrtandreae. J. Bot. 21: 165 - 170.
    • Endlicher, S. F. L. (1841). Genera Plantarum. Beck, Vindobonae.
    • Don, D. (1825). Prodromus Florae Nepalensis. Linnean Society. J. Gale., London.
    • Sprengel, K. (1817). Anleitung zur Kenntnis der Gewachse, ed. 2. Halle, Kummel.


    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0