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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa brevispicata (Rendle) Sosef

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to S. Tropical Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms decumbent; 15-45 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; flat, or involute; 3-5 cm long; 6-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; hairy adaxially; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins crenate; scabrous, or spinulose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1-4; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1.5-2.5 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; angular; 0.5 mm wide; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 1 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 3-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; clasping; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9-15 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; with cross-veins; glabrous, or pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.5-3.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface unwrinkled, or rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FZ.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual.
    Culms
    Culms 15–45 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae linear.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1–4 racemes, these 1–3 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly on a narrow (up to 0.5 mm.) rhachis, the margins ciliate though sometimes sparsely so.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–4 mm. long, obtuse.
    Glume
    Inferior glume almost as long as spikelet, 9–15-nerved. Superior glume reticulately nerved, usually pubescent.
    Lemma
    Inferior lemma reticulately nerved, usually pubescent. Superior lemma smooth or rugulose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa brevispicata (Rendle) Sosef appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [2829], Angola Brachiaria brevispicata K000282043
    Welwitsch [2726], Angola Brachiaria brevispicata K000282044
    Welwitsch [2829], Angola Brachiaria brevispicata K000282045

    Bibliography

    First published in Pl. Ecol. Evol. 149: 358 (2016)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0