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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa distachyoides (Stapf) Sosef

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Slender annual, rooting at the lower nodes
    Ecology
    Growing in or near water.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; slender; 30-45 cm long; 4-6 -noded; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-12 cm long; 2-6 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-4; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-6 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-8 cm long; tip filiform. Rhachis broadly winged; with sharp-edged midrib; 1-1.5 mm wide; scaberulous on margins; glabrous on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 1 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.5 mm long; indurate; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1-1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical and west-central tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Central African Repu, Congo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa distachyoides (Stapf) Sosef appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dawodu [163], Nigeria Brachiaria distachyoides K000282238 holotype
    Dawodu [163], Nigeria Brachiaria distachyoides K000282237 holotype
    Dawodu [163], Nigeria Brachiaria distachyoides K000282239 holotype
    Dawodu [163], Nigeria Brachiaria distachyoides K000282240 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Pl. Ecol. Evol. 149: 360 (2016)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0