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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa serrata (Thunb.) Sosef

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Tufted perennial about 60 cm. high.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Densely tufted perennial, the basal sheaths silky tomentose; culms 20–100 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 5–25 cm. long, 2–10 mm. wide, glabrous to softly pilose, the margins ± cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 5–15 racemes on an axis 3–15 cm. long; racemes short and compact, 0.5–2 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis beset with a few bristles.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate-elliptic, 2.3–4.5 mm. long, with a transverse fringe of pink or silvery hairs 1–2.5 mm. long near the apex (rarely the fringe missing), otherwise pubescent, cuspidate to shortly awned, without a stipe; lower glume 1/2 the length of the spikelet, subacute; upper glume thinly cartilaginous, cuspidate; lower lemma similar to the upper glume, but thinly membranous about the midnerve, and acute or with an awn-point up to 1 mm. long; upper lemma ovate, striate, acute.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland, wooded grassland and upland grassland; 300–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 tropical South Africa
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted perennial, the basal sheaths silky tomentose.
    Culms
    Culms 20–100 cm. high, erect or ascending.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae glabrous to softly pilose, the margins ± cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 5–15 racemes, these 0.5–2 cm. long, short and compact, bearing the spikelets in 2 rows on a triquetrous rhachis beset with a few bristles.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–4.5 mm. long, ovate-elliptic, with a transverse fringe of pink or silver hairs above (rarely the fringe missing) otherwise pubescent, cuspidate to acuminate (rarely obtuse), without a stipe.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 1/2 length of spikelet, subacute; superior glume obtuse to acuminate.
    Inferior
    Inferior lemma hollowed along the mid-nerve, sometimes obtuse in our area but usually tipped by a subulate awn-point up to 1 mm. long.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma striate, acute. Inferior lemma hollowed along the mid-nerve, sometimes obtuse in our area but usually tipped by a subulate awn-point up to 1 mm. long.
    Superior
    Superior lemma striate, acute.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths villous, or woolly. Culms 20-100 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-25 cm long; 2-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent, or pilose. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-15; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 0.5-2 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-15 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; with scattered hairs. Spikelet packing adaxial; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; cuspidate; 2.3-4.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; cuspidate; 2.3-4.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent; with a transverse fringe of hair. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; thinner along midline; 5 -veined; pubescent; with dorsal tufts of hair; cuspidate; muticous, or mucronate, or awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0-1 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 2-2.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface striate. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa serrata (Thunb.) Sosef appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Chevalier, A. [17148], Ivory Coast Brachiaria serrata K000282244
    Chevalier, A. [619], Ivory Coast Brachiaria serrata K000282243
    Schimper [174], Ethiopia Brachiaria serrata K000282122 isosyntype
    Schimper [174], Ethiopia Brachiaria serrata K000282121 isosyntype
    Schimper [174], Ethiopia Brachiaria serrata K000282123 isosyntype
    Welwitsch [2793], Angola Brachiaria serrata K000282061
    Welwitsch [2793], Angola Brachiaria serrata K000282060 Unknown type material
    Barter [1397], Nigeria Brachiaria serrata K000282241 syntype
    Holst, C. [9154a], Tanzania Brachiaria serrata K000282110
    Zeyher, South Africa Brachiaria serrata K000281958
    Zeyher, South Africa Brachiaria serrata K000281959
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria serrata K000281960 isotype
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria serrata K000281962 isotype
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria serrata K000281963
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria serrata K000281961
    Kuntze, O., South Africa Brachiaria serrata K000281957 isotype
    Phillips, Lort, Somalia Brachiaria serrata K000282120
    Richardson, A.J., Nigeria Brachiaria serrata K000282242

    Bibliography

    First published in Pl. Ecol. Evol. 149: 361 (2016)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0