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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa turbinata (Van der Veken) Sosef

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 20-40 cm long; 7-9 -noded. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths pilose; with tubercle-based hairs; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2 mm long. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 2.5-9 cm long; 5-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; crenate; spinulose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-10; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-2 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-9 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; setose (4-9mm hairs); tip oblique.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate (turbinate); dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 3 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.7-0.8 mm long; pubescent; base pungent; attached obliquely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate (turbinate); dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 3 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.7-0.8 mm long; pubescent; base pungent; attached obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.4-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume obovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent; with a transverse fringe of hair. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; obovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; with a transverse fringe of hair; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface punctate. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa turbinata (Van der Veken) Sosef appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    van Oosten [236], Zaire Brachiaria turbinata K000282145 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Pl. Ecol. Evol. 149: 362 (2016)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Taxonomic novelties in Central African grasses (Poaceae), Paniceae 1 Plant Ecology and Evolution 149: 356-365.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0